REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 59
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
(a) In the second approach, we assume that, if both Rebbi Yossi Hagelili
and Rebbi Akiva were to hold 'Hakafah be'Regel', then even Rebbi Akiva
would learn P'nim from Chutz.
What then, is Rebbi Akiva's reason?
(b) Alternatively, they both agree that 'Hakafah be'Yad'.
What is then
the basis of their Machlokes?
(c) This explanation is rejected however, because of Rebbi Eliezer in our
What does Rebbi Eliezer say, and why does this render the last
(d) There were two Kohanim Gedolim, one of whom claimed that he made
Hakafah be'Yad (like Rebbi Akiva), whilst the other claimed to have made
Hakafah be'Regel (like Rebbi Yossi Hagelili). What reason did each one give
to support his opinion?
(a) The author of our Mishnah, who quotes Rebbi Eliezer as saying that the
Kohen Gadol moved his hand upwards on all of the corners except for the one
at which he was standing, is Rebbi Yehudah.
How does Rebbi Meir quote
(b) What is Rebbi Meir's reason by the three corners? Why then, does he
move his hand upwards by the furthest corner?
(a) 'Hizah Mimenu al Taharo shel Mizbe'ach'.
What do we initially think
'Taharo shel Mizbe'ach' means.
(b) The Gemara brings a proof from the vernacular- 'Tahar Tihara'. What
does 'Tahar Tihara' mean?
(c) We reject this from a Beraisa, which says that Kohen Gadol does not
sprinkle the blood on to ashes or coals.
Where then, *does* he sprinkle
(d) Based on the Pasuk in Mishpatim "u'che'Etzem ha'Shamayim la'Tohar", how
do we now explain 'Taharo shel Mizbe'ach'?
(a) According to Chananya, the Kohen Gadol would sprinkle the blood all
seven times on the north of the (top of the) Mizbe'ach ha'Penimi.
does Rebbi Yossi say?
(b) What are their respective reasons?
(c) How is this derived from the Pasuk "ve'Tiharo ve'Kidsho"?
(a) The Pasuk writes in Acharei-Mos (with regard to the Par Kohen
Mashi'ach) "ve'es Kol Dam ha'Par Yishpoch el Yesod Mizbe'ach ha'Olah Asher
Pesach Ohel Mo'ed".
To which Yesod does this refer?
(b) What do we learn from the redundant word "ha'Par" (since the Torah
could have written "Damo")?
(c) From where do we learn that the leftover blood of the Mizbe'ach
ha'Chitzon was poured on the one Amah of the *southern* Yesod?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael holds that all leftover blood (even from the Mizbe'ach
ha'Chitzon) was poured on to the western Yesod.
Answers to questions
From where does he learn
(b) And according to Rebbi Shimon, they were all poured on to the southern
From where does he learn that?
(c) What does the Gemara comment on the fact that, in Rebbi Shimon's Beis
Hamedrash, they quoted Rebbi Yishmael as saying that all the blood had to
be poured on to the southern Yesod? What does that statement signify?
(a) The authors of our Mishnah, which says that someone who uses the
leftover blood after it has flowed out of the Beis Hamikdash via the water
of the Amah, is Mo'el, are Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Shimon.
What do the
(b) According to Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Shimon, is the Me'ilah mi'd'Oraysa
(c) Is there any practical difference (besides the Korban) between Me'ilah
d'Oraysa and Me'ilah de'Rabbanan?
(a) What does Ula learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "va'Ani Nesativ
*Lachem*" (with regard to blood)?
Answers to questions
(b) How does ...
(c) In the previous Derashah, why can we not say the opposite: to compare
*after* the Kaparah to *before* it - i.e. that Me'ilah should be effective
even *after* the Kaparah has been concluded.
- ... Tana de'Bei Rebbi Shimon learn the same thing from "Lechaper"?
- ... Rebbi Yochanan learn it from "Ki ha'Dam *Hu* ba'Nefesh Yechaper"?