REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafYoma 69
YOMA 59-88 have been dedicated to the memory of the late Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens N.Y. by his wife
and daughters. Well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah, he
will long be remembered.
(a) Why is there no proof from the Seifa of the Mishnah in Tamid, (which
permits the Kohanim to place the Bigdei Kehunah under their heads as
cushions), that Kohanim may derive benefit from the Bigdei Kehunah?
(b) What Halachah can we learn from there with regard to Tefilin?
(c) We try to prove that the Mishnah has to mean placing the Begadim at the
*side* - because otherwise, it would be forbidden at all costs, due to the
Isur of Kil'ayim.
To which of the Kohen's garments would this apply?
(d) According to which opinion will this proof not be valid?
(a) It is forbidden to wear Kil'ayim or to place it on top of oneself.
it permitted ...
(b) Rav Ashi explains the Seifa of the Mishnah in Tamid literally -
permitting the Kohanim even to lie directly on the Bigdei Kehunah (as long
as they are not wearing them).
- ... to lie on top of it?
- ... to place a sheet for example, in between oneself and the Kil'ayim?
Why is he not concerned with the Isur of
(c) How do we finally prove from a Beraisa that the Kohanim are permitted
to derive benefit from the Bigdei Kehunah?
(d) Does this concession extend to wearing them outside the Beis Hamikdash?
(a) The twenty-fifth of Teves was known as 'Yom Har Gerizim'.
What is the
significance of Har Gerizim (in this context).
(b) What is the connection between the Kutim and Alexander the Great?
(c) What was Shimon ha'Tzadik's reaction when he heard of their plans?
(d) What was Alexander's reaction when he first saw Shimon ha'Tzadik coming
towards him? Why did he behave so strangely in front of one of the Jewish
(a) What did Shimon ha'Tzadik relply, when Alexander asked him why he had
(b) What did Alexander reply when Shimon ha'Tzadik informed him that the
people who were trying to convince him to destroy the Beis Hamikdash were
the Kutim who were now accompanying him?
(c) How did Shimon ha'Tzadik take up Alexander's offer?
(d) What did they do when they arrived at Har Gerizim?
(a) In which way does this story appear to clash with what we learned above
with regard to a Kohen wearing the Bigdei Kehunah outside the Beis
(b) We answer this Kashya in one of two ways: one of them, that the
garments that Shimon ha'Tzadik wore were not really Bigdei Kehunah, but
only resembled them.
What is the other answer?
(a) Do we have a proof from our Mishnah (which describes how they handed
the Sefer Torah from one dignitary to another - in the presence of the
Kohen Gadol) that one may honor a disciple (i.e. one of the senior
dignitaries) in the presence of the Rav (the Kohen Gadol)?
Answers to questions
(b) How do we reconcile our Mishnah, which states that the Kohen stood Up
in the Azarah (implying that he had been sitting) with the Chazal which
forbids anybody other than the king of Yehudah to sit in the Azarah?
(c) From which King of Yehudah do we learn this concession?
(d) From where do we learn the prohibition for anyone else to do so?
(a) According to the Tana Kama, the King read Sefer Devarim at 'Hakhel' in
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov hold?
(c) "Vayevarech Ezra es Hashem ha'Elokim ha'Gadol".
How does Rav
interpret the word "ha'Gadol"?
(d) Rav Gidal explains it with the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim "Baruch Hashem
Elokei Yisrael Min ha'Olam ve'Ad ha'Olam".
Which great thing is the Pasuk
(a) On what grounds does Rav Gidal disagree with Rav in the previous issue?
(b) How does he reconcile his statement there with what he said,
explaining a Pasuk in Nechemyah: 'she'Gidlo be'Shem ha'Meforash' - even
though that was outside the Azarah?
(c) The Pasuk in Nechemyah says "Vayiz'aku el Hashem Elokim be'Kol Gadol".
What were they crying about?
(d) What was the gist of their Tefilah?
(a) What was written on the paper that fell from Heaven in response? What
do we learn from there?
(b) What happened ...
(c) They then took the opportunity and prayed for the Yetzer-ha'Ra for
adultery to be delivered into their hands as well. Why did they not ...
- ... after they had fasted for three consecutive days and nights?
- ... when a hair of the Yetzer ha'Ra's head fell out and it screamed?
(d) What did they decide to do with it, and what was the result?
- ... find any eggs?
- ... kill it?
- ... pray for half of it to be removed?
(a) In Eretz Yisrael they quoted a Machlokes how to explain the Pasuk
"Vayiz'aku *be'Kol Gadol*". Rav Gidal explained 'she'Gidlo be'Shem
If Moshe Rabeinu inserted "Gibor" and "Nora" what right did Yirmiyah and
Daniel have to omit them?
How did Rav Masna explain it?
(b) Rav Masna's explanation tallies with Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi's
explanation of why the Sanhedrin of Ezra was known as Anshei Keneses
Why indeed are they called by that name?
(c) Moshe said in Eikev "ha'Keil ha'Gadol ha'Gibor ve'ha'Nora".
(d) On what grounds did the Anshei Keneses ha'Gedolah reinstate ...
- ... Yirmiyah omit "Nora"?
- ... Daniel omit "Gibor"?
- ... "Gibor"?
- ... "Nora"?
(a) Why, in spite of the Mishnah in Megilah, which forbids the Ba'al Korei
to jump from one place to the other in Torah, did the Kohen Gadol jump from
Acharei-Mos to Emor?
Answers to questions
(b) But does the Tana of the Beraisa not imply that even *that* is
forbidden, when he specifically permits jumping from one place to the other
in the Navi *only* on on the condition that they can complete the rolling
before the translator has finished translating?
(c) Why is Navi more lenient than Torah in this regard?