POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Zevachim 33
ZEVACHIM 31-33 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) "SEMICHAH" ON "ASHAM METZORA"
(a) Support (for Ula - Beraisa): Slaughter must always be
Tekef to Semichah, except for Asham Metzora, in which
Semichah is by Sha'ar Nikanor;
1. The Metzora cannot enter the Azarah until the blood
of the Asham is put on him and the blood of the
Chatas is Nizrak.
(b) Version #1 - Rejection (Rav Yosef): The Tana is R. Yosi
b'Rebbi Yehudah, who says that Tzafon (the north half of
the Azarah, which is Kosher for slaughter of Kodshei
Kodoshim, begins to the north of the Mizbe'ach, it) is
far (22 Amos west) from the end of Ezras Nashim.
(Therefore, the Metzora's hands cannot reach to the place
2. If Bi'ah b'Miktzas is not Bi'ah, he could stick his
hands in and Somech!
(c) Question: (If Bi'ah b'Miktzas is not Bi'ah,) why didn't
they make an opening in the north wall of the Azarah (in
line with the Mizbe'ach, so the Metzora could stand
outside and enter his hands for Semichah at a valid place
(d) Answer (Abaye and Rava): "Ha'Kol bi'Chsav mi'Yad
Hash-m...Kol Mal'achos ha'Tavnis " - Hash-m told David
the exact form of the Mikdash, we cannot change anything.
(e) Version #2 - Rejection (Rav Yosef): To do Semichah in the
Azarah, one must enter the majority of his body and his
head into the Azarah.
1. Question: What is the reason?
(f) Question: What is the Tana's opinion regarding Asham
2. Answer: One must press down with all his strength.
i. Therefore, the Metzora cannot Somech from
Sha'ar Nikanor. (End of Version #2)
(g) Version #1 - Answer: The Torah requires Semichah, and
slaughter must be Tekef after Semichah.
(h) Rejection: If so, the Torah allows the Metzora to fully
enter the Azarah (even though this is normally
(i) Defense of Answer #1 (Rav Ada bar Ahavah): Mid'Oraisa, he
should enter - Chachamim decreed not to, lest he enter
further than necessary (and be Chayav Kares).
(j) Version #2 - Answer (Rav Ada bar Ahavah): The Torah
requires Semichah, but slaughter need not be Tekef after
(k) Question (Beraisa): "V'Samach...v'Shochat" - just as only
a Tahor can Somech, only a Tahor can slaughter.
1. If slaughter need not be Tekef, a Tamei can Somech
(outside the Azarah, the Korban will be brought in
(l) Correction - Answer (Rav Ada bar Ahavah): The Torah does
not require Semichah of Asham Metzora, but (when Semichah
is required), slaughter must be Tekef afterwards.
2) "BI'AH B'MIKTZAS"
(a) (Ravina): Ula's teaching (that Bi'ah b'Miktzas is Bi'ah)
applies to lashes for entering the Mikdash, not to Kares.
(b) (Ravin): It refers to a Tamei who touched Kodesh.
1. (Reish Lakish): If a Tamei touched Kodesh, he is
(c) Question: But Reish Lakish says that the verse forbids a
Tamei to *eat* Kodesh!
i. He learns from "B'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga".
2. (R. Yochanan): He is not lashed.
i. "B'Chol Kodesh..." refers to Terumah.
1. Question: What is the verse forbidding a Tamei to
(d) Answer: Reish Lakish learns both from the verse:
2. Answer #1 (Reish Lakish): "B'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga".
3. Answer #2 (R. Yochanan - Bardela - Beraisa): We
learn a Gezerah Shavah "Tum'aso- Tum'aso" from a
Tamei who entered the Mikdash - just as that is
Chayavei Kerisus and a verse forbids it, also a
Tamei who eats Kodesh.
1. Since it says "Siga" (touching), it forbids
(e) Support (for Reish Lakish - Beraisa): "B'Chol Kodesh Lo
Siga" - this forbids eating.
2. "B'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga...(v'El ha'Mikdash Lo Savo)"
- this forbids (a Tamei) to eat Kodesh, for it is
equated to entering the Mikdash.
1. Question: Perhaps it forbids touching!
2. Answer: "...v'El ha'Mikdash Lo Savo" - the
prohibition (Lo Siga) of Kodesh is equated to
entering the Mikdash - just as one is Chayav Misah
bi'Dei Shamayim for the latter (it is Chayavei
Kerisus), also Lo Siga, i.e. eating Kodesh while
3. One is not Chayav Misah for touching.