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Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld

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Zevachim 51

ZEVACHIM 51 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) Questions: Can a Binyan Av teach through a Hekesh, Gezerah Shavah, Kal va'Chomer or Binyan Av?
(b) Answer (to the last of these - Beraisa): If Zerikas Dam was not done before sundown, the blood is still 'Kosher' (i.e. if blood of a Chatas was brought up the ramp, we put it on the Keranos), for we find that Eimurim are 'Kosher' (if brought up the ramp, we burn them on the Mizbe'ach) after Linah (being left overnight);
1. Eimurim are 'Kosher' after Linah because we find that meat (of a Shelamim) is permitted after Linah.
2. Yotzei (Evarim, i.e. of an Olah) is 'Kosher', because this is permitted on a Bamah;
3. Tamei (Evarim) is 'Kosher', because this is permitted in Korbanos Tzibur (if they cannot be offered b'Taharah);
4. (Blood of a Korban disqualified on account of intent) Chutz li'Zmano is Kosher, because Zerikah of such blood is Meratzeh (like a proper Zerikah) regarding Pigul (Kares applies only if all the Matirim were offered without any Pesul other than Chutz li'Zmano);
5. Chutz li'Mkomo is Kosher, because the Torah equates it to Chutz li'Zmano;
6. If Pesulim received or threw the blood, the blood or Eimurim are 'Kosher' - this is if the Pesulim are Kosher for Korbanos Tzibur (e.g. Teme'im).
(c) Objection: Can we learn something done improperly (Linah of Eimurim, or Yotzei) from something done properly (Linah of Basar Shelamim, or Yotzei on a Bamah)?!
(d) Answer: Indeed, the Tana really learned these laws from "Zos Toras ha'Olah" (to include these). (Tosfos - nevertheless, since the Tana discussed a Binyan Av teaching a Binyan Av, surely we can (normally) learn in this way.)
(a) (Mishnah): The leftover blood...(is poured on the Yesod on the western side of the outer Mizbe'ach.)
(b) Question: What is the reason?
(c) Answer: "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah Asher Pesach Ohel Mo'ed" - the Yesod closest to the opening of Ohel Mo'ed (or in the Mikdash, the Heichal). (Our text adds 'the first side the Kohen encounters' (when he leaves the Heichal, for we do not pass over a Mitzvah), but Tosfos deletes this from the text, this reason does not apply here.)
(d) (Beraisa): Three times, it says "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah" - these teach that we do not pour the Shirayim on the inner Mizbe'ach, that the inner Mizbe'ach has no Yesod, and 'Ten Yesod l'Mizbe'ach Shel Olah' (that leftover blood of all other Korbanos (Rashi; R. Chayim (in Tosfos, Amud B) - of an Olah) is poured on the Yesod; Tosfos - the primary Zerikos of an Olah (alternatively - of all other Korbanos) are on edges (or walls) above the Yesod. We explain the rest of the Sugya like Rashi.)
1. Question: Perhaps (the last) teaches that Mizbe'ach ha'Olah Yehei l'Yesod' (the two Matanos that are four of Dam Olah must be thrown on (opposite) corners of the Mizbe'ach above the Yesod (i.e. the northeast and southwest corners - the southeast corner is invalid, for it is not above the Yesod)!)
2. Answer #1 (R. Yishmael): We already know this from a Kal va'Chomer! Shirayim are not Me'akev Kaparah, yet they require (must be thrown on the) Yesod - the first Zerikah of Olah is Mechaper, all the more so it requires Yesod!
3. Answer #2 (R. Akiva): Shirayim are not Me'akev Kaparah, they do not come to Mechaper, yet they require Yesod - the first Zerikah of Olah is Me'akev Kaparah, it comes to Mechaper, all the more so it requires Yesod (we will explain what they argue about).
4. Question: If so, what do we learn from the last "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah"?
5. Answer: It teaches that blood leftover in the Kli is poured on the Yesod.
(e) Question (Beraisa): (The first teaches that) we do not pour the Shirayim on the inner Mizbe'ach;
1. The verse is needed for the simple meaning (that the Shirayim *may be* poured on the outer Mizbe'ach), how can we exclude the inner Mizbe'ach?
(f) Answer: We already know that it refers to the outer Mizbe'ach from "Asher Pesach Ohel Mo'ed";
1. "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah" teaches that we pour the Shirayim on the Yesod.

2. Surely, it need not teach that we pour Dam Olah on the outer Mizbe'ach!
(g) Rejection: No, it must teach that we pour Shirayim (of Olah) on the outer Mizbe'ach.
(h) Question: The first Matanos of Olah are on the outer Mizbe'ach, surely the Shirayim are also!
1. Suggestion: We would have thought that the Shirayim are always on the other Mizbe'ach (from the first Matanos), inner Shirayim go on the outer Mizbe'ach outer Shirayim go on the inner Mizbe'ach,!
2. Rejection: The inner Mizbe'ach has no Yesod!
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