POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 51
ZEVACHIM 51 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love
for the Torah and for those who study it.
1) LEARNING THE "MIDOS" FROM EACH OTHER (cont.)
(a) Questions: Can a Binyan Av teach through a Hekesh,
Gezerah Shavah, Kal va'Chomer or Binyan Av?
2) POURING BLOOD ON THE "YESOD"
(b) Answer (to the last of these - Beraisa): If Zerikas Dam
was not done before sundown, the blood is still 'Kosher'
(i.e. if blood of a Chatas was brought up the ramp, we
put it on the Keranos), for we find that Eimurim are
'Kosher' (if brought up the ramp, we burn them on the
Mizbe'ach) after Linah (being left overnight);
1. Eimurim are 'Kosher' after Linah because we find
that meat (of a Shelamim) is permitted after Linah.
(c) Objection: Can we learn something done improperly (Linah
of Eimurim, or Yotzei) from something done properly
(Linah of Basar Shelamim, or Yotzei on a Bamah)?!
2. Yotzei (Evarim, i.e. of an Olah) is 'Kosher',
because this is permitted on a Bamah;
3. Tamei (Evarim) is 'Kosher', because this is
permitted in Korbanos Tzibur (if they cannot be
4. (Blood of a Korban disqualified on account of
intent) Chutz li'Zmano is Kosher, because Zerikah of
such blood is Meratzeh (like a proper Zerikah)
regarding Pigul (Kares applies only if all the
Matirim were offered without any Pesul other than
5. Chutz li'Mkomo is Kosher, because the Torah equates
it to Chutz li'Zmano;
6. If Pesulim received or threw the blood, the blood or
Eimurim are 'Kosher' - this is if the Pesulim are
Kosher for Korbanos Tzibur (e.g. Teme'im).
(d) Answer: Indeed, the Tana really learned these laws from
"Zos Toras ha'Olah" (to include these). (Tosfos -
nevertheless, since the Tana discussed a Binyan Av
teaching a Binyan Av, surely we can (normally) learn in
(a) (Mishnah): The leftover blood...(is poured on the Yesod
on the western side of the outer Mizbe'ach.)
(b) Question: What is the reason?
(c) Answer: "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah Asher Pesach Ohel
Mo'ed" - the Yesod closest to the opening of Ohel Mo'ed
(or in the Mikdash, the Heichal). (Our text adds 'the
first side the Kohen encounters' (when he leaves the
Heichal, for we do not pass over a Mitzvah), but Tosfos
deletes this from the text, this reason does not apply
(d) (Beraisa): Three times, it says "El Yesod Mizbach
ha'Olah" - these teach that we do not pour the Shirayim
on the inner Mizbe'ach, that the inner Mizbe'ach has no
Yesod, and 'Ten Yesod l'Mizbe'ach Shel Olah' (that
leftover blood of all other Korbanos (Rashi; R. Chayim
(in Tosfos, Amud B) - of an Olah) is poured on the Yesod;
Tosfos - the primary Zerikos of an Olah (alternatively -
of all other Korbanos) are on edges (or walls) above the
Yesod. We explain the rest of the Sugya like Rashi.)
1. Question: Perhaps (the last) teaches that Mizbe'ach
ha'Olah Yehei l'Yesod' (the two Matanos that are
four of Dam Olah must be thrown on (opposite)
corners of the Mizbe'ach above the Yesod (i.e. the
northeast and southwest corners - the southeast
corner is invalid, for it is not above the Yesod)!)
(e) Question (Beraisa): (The first teaches that) we do not
pour the Shirayim on the inner Mizbe'ach;
2. Answer #1 (R. Yishmael): We already know this from a
Kal va'Chomer! Shirayim are not Me'akev Kaparah, yet
they require (must be thrown on the) Yesod - the
first Zerikah of Olah is Mechaper, all the more so
it requires Yesod!
3. Answer #2 (R. Akiva): Shirayim are not Me'akev
Kaparah, they do not come to Mechaper, yet they
require Yesod - the first Zerikah of Olah is Me'akev
Kaparah, it comes to Mechaper, all the more so it
requires Yesod (we will explain what they argue
4. Question: If so, what do we learn from the last "El
Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah"?
5. Answer: It teaches that blood leftover in the Kli is
poured on the Yesod.
1. The verse is needed for the simple meaning (that the
Shirayim *may be* poured on the outer Mizbe'ach),
how can we exclude the inner Mizbe'ach?
(f) Answer: We already know that it refers to the outer
Mizbe'ach from "Asher Pesach Ohel Mo'ed";
1. "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah" teaches that we pour the
Shirayim on the Yesod.
2. Surely, it need not teach that we pour Dam Olah on
the outer Mizbe'ach!
(g) Rejection: No, it must teach that we pour Shirayim (of
Olah) on the outer Mizbe'ach.
(h) Question: The first Matanos of Olah are on the outer
Mizbe'ach, surely the Shirayim are also!
1. Suggestion: We would have thought that the Shirayim
are always on the other Mizbe'ach (from the first
Matanos), inner Shirayim go on the outer Mizbe'ach
outer Shirayim go on the inner Mizbe'ach,!
2. Rejection: The inner Mizbe'ach has no Yesod!