POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 57
ZEVACHIM 57 (7 Av) - has been dedicated to the memory of Dr. Simcha
Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens, N.Y., by his wife
and daughters on his sixth Yahrzeit. G-dfearing and knowledgeable, Simcha
was well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be
1) PLACING THE BLOOD ABOVE THE "YESOD"
(a) Question: What is the source to require the Yesod?
2) "BECHOR" IS EATEN BY KOHANIM
(b) Answer (R. Elazar): We learn from a Gezerah Shavah
"Zerikah-Zerikah" from Olah.
(c) Question: What is the source that Olah requires the
(d) Answer: "El Yesod Mizbach ha'Olah" - this teaches that
Olah requires Yesod.
(e) Suggestion: Just as Olah requires two Matanos that are
like four, also Bechor, Ma'aser and Pesach!
(f) Rejection (Abaye) Question: The Torah did not need to say
Saviv regarding Chatas and Olah (we could have learned
one from the other) - therefore, these are Shnei Kesuvim,
they do not teach about other laws.
(g) Question: According to the opinion that Shnei Kesuvim do
teach about other laws, how can we answer?
(h) Answer: It also says Saviv regarding Asham, all agree
that Shalsoh Kesuvim do not teach about other laws.
(a) (Mishnah): Bechor is eaten by Kohanim.
3) SOMETHING LEARNED FROM A "HEKESH" AND ANOTHER SOURCE
(b) (Beraisa) Question: What is the source of this?
(c) Answer: "U'Vsaram Yihyeh Lach ka'Chaze ha'Tenufah
uch'Shok ha'Yamin" - this equates Bechor with Chazeh
v'Shok of Shelamim;
1. Just as (all parts of) Shelamim are eaten for two
days and a night, also Bechor.
(d) This question was asked in Kerem b'Yavneh; R. Tarfon
answered, Bechor is eaten for two days and a night.
1. R. Yosi ha'Galili: What is your source?
2. R. Tarfon: It is Kodshim Kalim, just like Shelamim -
just as Shelamim is eaten for two days and a night,
3. R. Yosi ha'Galili: Kohanim receive Bechor, just like
they receive the meat of Chatas and Asham - just as
those are eaten for one day and a night, we should
say the same for Bechor!
4. R. Tarfon: We learn from what is more similar -
Bechor is not brought on account of sin, similar to
5. R. Yosi ha'Galili: It is more similar to Chatas and
Asham, they are not brought voluntarily, just like
6. R. Tarfon had no further arguments.
7. R. Akiva: "U'Vsaram Yihyeh Lach" - this equates
Bechor with Chazeh v'Shok of Shelamim;
i. Just as Shelamim is eaten for two days and a
night, also Bechor.
8. R. Yosi ha'Galili: We should (expound stringently,
and) equate Bechor with Chazeh v'Shok of Todah,
which is eaten for one day and a night!
9. R. Akiva: (Indeed, we should equate to Todah -
however,) "U'Vsaram Yihyeh Lach...*Lecha Yihyeh*" is
extra, to give more (privileges) to the Kohen, i.e.
he may eat it for two days and a night like
10. R. Yishmael: R. Akiva erred - Todah was learned from
a Hekesh to Shelamim, it cannot teach through
i. What he first said was right, we equate Bechor
11. Question: How does R. Yishmael expound "Lecha
12. Answer: It teaches that even a (Bechor) Ba'al Mum is
given to a Kohen - we do not find anything like this
(that Matanos Kehunah of Kedushah are given even
when they cannot become Kodesh).
i. R. Akiva learns this from "U'Vsaram" (plural) -
whether Tam or Ba'al Mum.
ii. R. Yishmael says, the plural refers to Bechoros
of cattle, sheep and goats (mentioned in the
(a) Question: What do they argue about?
(b) Answer: They argue whether or not something learned
partially from a Hekesh (e.g. the Torah explicitly
teaches that Todah is eaten for one day and a night, but
we only know that Chazeh v'Shok are given to the Kohen
through a Hekesh to Shelamim) is considered to be learned
from a Hekesh:
1. R. Yishmael holds that it is (like a Hekesh),
therefore, it cannot teach through another Hekesh;
(c) Question: According to R. Akiva, we understand the
2. R. Akiva holds that it is not, therefore, it can
teach through another Hekesh.
1. "V'Chen Ya'aseh l'Ohel Mo'ed" - just as the blood of
the Par (of Yom Kipur) is sprinkled in the Kodesh
ha'Kodoshim once up and seven times down, also in
the Heichal (towards the Paroches);
(d) Answer #1: R. Yishmael does not learn from the Par to the
Sa'ir (or vice-versa), he learns from the Kodesh
ha'Kodoshim to the Heichal (that the Avodos in the two
places are the same).
2. Similarly, the sprinklings of the blood of the Sa'ir
in the Heichal are (one and seven,) like its
sprinklings in the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim. (Some of the
Avodos are written regarding the Par, others are
written regarding the Sa'ir, we learn each from the
other; according to R. Akiva, this is not considered
learning from a Hekesh.)
3. But according to R. Yishmael, it is as if each is
learned from a Hekesh, it cannot teach (from the
Kodesh ha'Kodoshim to the Heichal) through a Hekesh!
(e) Answer #2: We learn all outer Matanos (i.e. of the
Heichal) from those inside the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim. (Rashi
- since we can learn from what is explicitly written
inside, we also learn from what is known from a Hekesh;
Ri - we learn directly from the Par (inside) to the Par
*and* Sa'ir outside (and likewise, from the Sa'ir
inside); R. Chananel - we learn that all the Matanos are
the same inside and outside).
4) THE "PESACH" IS EATEN UNTIL MIDNIGHT
(f) Question: According to R. Akiva, something learned
partially from a Hekesh is not considered a Hekesh, we
understand the following:
1. "Mi'Moshvoseichem *Tavi'u* Lechem Tenufah" - this
teaches that whenever (else) we bring Chametz in the
Mikdash (i.e. with a Todah), the loaves are the same
size as here (Shtei ha'Lechem, an Isaron each).
(g) Answer: "Tavi'u" is not a Hekesh, it is a Ribuy (that two
Chametz loaves of Todah are the same size as Shtei
ha'Lechem), therefore Chametz can teach through a Hekesh.
2. Suggestion: We should say that the sum total of
flour used (for all 10 Chametz loaves brought with
Todah) is the same as for Shtei ha'Lechem, i.e. two
3. Rejection: "Tihyenah" (only Shtei ha'Lechem is
(only) two Esronim; alternatively, the extra 'Yud'
teaches that elsewhere (Todah), a total of 10
Esronim are brought).
4. Question: We have learned that 10 Esronim are used
for the Chametz - what is the source that 10 Esronim
are used for Matzah?
5. Answer: "Al Chalos Lechem Chametz" - we use the same
amount for Matzah as for Chametz. (The quantity for
Chametz was learned from a Hekesh to Shtei ha'Lechem
and something else ("Tihyenah"), therefore it can
teach via a Hekesh).
6. Summation of question: According to R. Yishmael, it
is as if we learned Chametz from a Hekesh, it cannot
teach through a Hekesh!
(a) (Mishnah): Pesach is only eaten...(until midnight).
(b) Question: Who is the Tana of the Mishnah?
(c) Answer (Rav Yosef): It is R. Elazar ben Azaryah.
1. (Beraisa - R. Elazar ben Azaryah): It says that
Pesach is eaten "Ba'Laylah ha'Zeh", like it says
regarding Makas Bechoros - just as that was at
midnight, also Pesach may be eaten until midnight.
(d) Question (Abaye): There is no need to say that it is R.
Elazar, and that mid'Oraisa it is eaten until midnight -
perhaps it is R. Akiva, Chachamim decreed not to eat it
past midnight, lest one eat it after Amud ha'Shachar
(like they decreed about all Korbanos eaten until
2. R. Akiva: (Beraisa - But it says that Pesach is
eaten "B'Chipazon" (in haste), i.e. until Yisrael
were rushed out of Mitzrayim (in the morning)!
i. Question: If so, why does it say "Ba'Laylah
ii. Answer: One might have thought, Pesach may be
eaten during the day it is offered, like all
other Korbanos (that are eaten) - "Ba'Laylah
ha'Zeh" teaches that it may not be eaten until
(e) Answer (Rav Yosef): The Mishnah says 'Ela' (only), just
like it says regarding the other laws of Pesach, to teach
that this is also mid'Oraisa.