POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Zevachim 73
1) WHICH FIGS ARE "MA'ALEH"?
(a) Answer #1 (Rav Papa): (R. Yochanan explained the Tana of
the Mishnah -) this Tana holds that *everything that* is
normally counted is Mekadesh, even regarding a
mid'Rabanan prohibition, like the Tana of the following
2) WHY MUST ALL THE ANIMALS DIE?
1. (Beraisa - R. Meir): If a Litra (measure) of
(Terumah) figs was pressed onto the top of a barrel
(or similar vessel) and it is not known which
i. R. Eliezer says that (even though we know that
the Terumah figs are on top), we consider all
the figs to be involved in the doubt - if there
are at least 101 Litros of figs in the barrels,
they are Ma'aleh the Terumah (Mevatel it - we
take one Litra and treat it like Terumah, the
rest is permitted like Chulin; if there are not
101 Litros, all are forbidden like Dimu'a (a
mixture containing Terumah));
2. R. Yehudah says:
ii. R. Yehoshua says, (since we know that the
Terumah is on top) if there are at least 101
tops (i.e. of barrels where the Terumah might
be), they are Ma'aleh the Terumah; if not, the
tops are forbidden (like Dimu'a), the rest is
i. R. Eliezer says that if there are at least 101
tops, they are Ma'aleh; if not, the tops are
forbidden, the rest is permitted;
3. If they were pressed into a barrel but it is not
known into which part of the barrel, all agree that
all the figs combine to Ma'aleh the Terumah.
ii. R. Yehoshua says, even if there are 300 tops,
they are not Ma'aleh (for figs are sometimes
(a) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): The Beraisa can even be like
Chachamim - living animals are important, they are not
(b) Question: Why don't we remove animals from the mixture
one by one (until only two remain, Halachah assumes that)
each is from the majority (that are permitted)!
(c) Objection: If so, the prohibition would be considered
Kavu'a, such cases are considered like an even doubt (we
do not follow the majority)!
(d) Question: Rather, let us force them to separate from each
other, each that separates is (presumably) from the
3) DOES "DICHUY" APPLY TO THE MIXTURE?
(e) Answer #1 (Rava): Chachamim decreed not to do so, lest
simultaneously each of (e.g.) 10 Kohanim will offer (the
blood or Eimurim of) one of the animals, and this will be
the majority of the remaining animals - presumably the
forbidden animal is among them)!
1. Question: If (at the time of slaughter) each was
assumed to be (from the majority, i.e.) permitted,
this will not change later!
(f) Objection: We could not coordinate that if we wanted to
(surely, we need not be concerned for it)!
2. Answer (Rava): The concern is that simultaneously,
each of 10 Kohanim will take an animal that
separated from the mixture in order to offer it (and
these 10 will comprise the majority, presumably the
forbidden animal is among them).
(g) Answer #2 (Rava): Chachamim decreed not to do so, lest
someone take in a way (i.e. from the mixture) which is
(a) (Rava): Since Chachamim forbade offering the animals
(they are Nidchim, i.e. permanently disqualified), if any
were offered, they are Pesulim.
(b) Question (Rav Huna bar Yehudah - Mishnah): If Chata'os
and Olos ha'Of became mixed together, even if one was
mixed with 10,000 of the other, all must be left to die;
1. If (there were equal numbers of Chata'os and Olos,
and) a Kohen erred and offered all of them above
(like Olas ha'Of), half are Kesherim (the Olos);
(c) Answer: Rava's law is according to the opinion that a
living animal can be Nidcheh, the Mishnah is according to
the opinion that it cannot.
2. If he offered all of them below (like Chatas ha'Of),
half are Kesherim;
3. If he offered half above and half below, all are
Pesulim, perhaps all Olos were offered below and all
4. (According to Rava, since it was forbidden to offer
them, in all cases all should be Pesulim!)
(d) Question: All agree that a slaughtered animal can be
Nidcheh, yet R. Eliezer is Machshir (if one of a mixture
1. (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): (If the limbs of a blemished
Olah were mixed with limbs of Kosher Olos,) if one
of the heads was offered (we assume that this was
the blemished animal), we offer the rest of the
(e) Answer: R. Eliezer holds like Chanan ha'Mitzri (who holds
that even slaughtered animals are not Nidchim).
1. (Beraisa - Chanan ha'Mitzri): If the blood of the
goat (to be offered in the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim on Yom
Kipur) was collected and the "Se'ir ha'Mishtale'ach"
died, we bring another goat to be the Se'ir
ha'Mishtale'ach, the collected blood is still