POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Zevachim 96
ZEVACHIM 96 - dedicated by Jeri and Eli Turkel in honor of the Bris of
Binyamin Yitzchak, who was born to their nephews Kenny and Aliza Weinblatt
in Teaneck, NJ. Mazel Tov also to the grandparents, Lee and Marcia
1) KASHERING FROM THE INSIDE
(a) Question: Why are Klei Cheres in the Mikdash broken, we
should return them to the furnace (in which they were
made, they will be Husak from the inside and outside!)
(b) Answer (R. Zeira): We do not make furnaces in
Yerushalayim (on account of the smoke).
(c) Question (Abaye): Is it better to make wasteheaps (from
all the broken Kelim)?
(d) Abaye was unaware that Shemayah taught that broken Klei
Cheres were miraculously swallowed up in their place.
(e) Question (Rav Nachman): The oven in the Mikdash was made
1. (Inference: It was not made of Cheres, for Cheres
cannot be Kashered.)
(f) Answer: The Shtei ha'Lechem and Lechem ha'Panim were
baked in the oven, therefore it was a Kli Shares; we do
not make Klei Shares of Cheres;
2. Since it is heated from the inside (the same place
where it absorbs), it can be Kashered!
2) MUST THE ENTIRE KLI BE SCOURED?
1. Even R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah is lenient only to
allow Klei Shares of wood, not of Cheres.
(a) R. Yitzchak bar Yehudah used to learn from Rami bar
Chama; he abandoned him, and went to learn from Rav
Sheshes. One day he encountered Rami bar Chama.
3) TERUMAH DOES NOT REQUIRE MERIKAH U'SHTIFAH
1. Rami: Because you went to learn from Rav Sheshes, do
you think that you are like Rav Sheshes?!
(b) Question (R. Yitzchak bar Yehudah): If Kodshim were
cooked in part of a Kli, is Merikah u'Shtifah required
for the part that was not over the fire?
2. R. Yitzchak: No - I left you, for when I would ask
you questions, you would answer from reasoning - if
I find a Beraisa which says otherwise, it refutes
i. Rav Sheshes answers from Beraisos - even if I
find a Beraisa which says otherwise, it is no
stronger than his Beraisa!
3. Rami: Ask me a question, and I will answer (from
reasoning) just like a Beraisa!
(c) Answer (Rami bar Chama): It is not required, as we find
regarding Haza'ah (we need not launder an entire garment
if Dam Chatas splashed on part of it.)
(d) R. Yitzchak: You did not answer me like a Beraisa!
(e) Rami: Surely, the law of Merikah u'Shtifah parallels the
law of Haza'ah!
(f) R. Yitzchak: It is different - blood does not spread
through a garment, but cooking causes absorptions to
spread through a vessel!
1. (Beraisa): Stringencies of Haza'ah (the need to wash
Dam Chatas from a garment) over Merikah u'Shtifah -
these apply to outer and inner Chata'os, and before
(g) Rami: The Beraisa refutes me.
2. Stringencies of Merikah u'Shtifah over Haza'ah -
they apply to Kodshei Kodoshim and Kodshim Kalim,
and if Kodshim were cooked in part of a Kli, the
entire Kli requires Merikah u'Shtifah, this does not
apply to Haza'ah.
(h) Question: What is the reason?
(i) Answer: "V'Im bi'Chli Nechoshes Bushalah" - even if it
was cooked in part of the Kli.
(a) (Mishnah): The law (of Merikah u'Shtifah) applies to
Kodshei Kodoshim (and Kodshim Kalim.)
(b) (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "Chatas" -this only teaches about
1. Question: What is the source to include all Kodshim?
(c) R. Shimon says, Kodshei Kodoshim require Merikah
u'Shtifah, not Kodshim Kalim;
2. Answer: "Kodesh Kodoshim Hi".
3. Suggestion: Perhaps even Terumah is included!
4. Rejection: "Osah" excludes Terumah.
1. The verse says "Kodesh Kodoshim" - it does not
include Kodshim Kalim.
(d) Question: What is R. Yehudah's reason?
(e) Answer: Since "Osah" is needed to exclude Terumah, this
implies that Kodshim Kalim are included.
1. R. Shimon uses "Osah" as above (93A, to exclude
blood of a Pasul Chatas from the law of laundering.)
(f) Question: Is it really true that Merikah u'Shtifah does
not apply to Terumah?!
1. (Beraisa): One may not cook milk in a pot in which
meat was cooked; if milk was cooked in it, if it
absorbed the taste of meat, it is forbidden;
(g) Answer #1 (Abaye): If Kodshim was cooked in part of a
Kli, the entire Kli requires Merikah u'Shtifah;
2. One may not cook Chulin in a pot in which Terumah
was cooked; if Chulin was cooked in it, if it
absorbed the taste of Terumah, only a Kohen may eat
1. Regarding Terumah, only that part requires Merikah
(h) Answer #2 (Rava): Regarding Kodshim, water must be used
for Merikah u'Shtifah;
1. Regarding Terumah, even wine or mixed wine may be
(i) Answer #3 (Rabah bar Ula): Regarding Kodshim, Merikah
u'Shtifah in cold water is required in addition to
Hag'alah (Kashering in boiling water);
1. Regarding Terumah, Hag'alah is sufficient.
(j) Question: This is according to the opinion that Merikah
u'Shtifah is in cold water;
1. According to the opinion that Merikah is in hot
water, and Shtifah is in cold water, how can we
(k) Answer: Regarding Terumah, Merikah is sufficient.