REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
ZEVACHIM 2-4 - Dedicated to the leaders and participants in the Dafyomi
shiurim at the Young Israel of New Rochelle, by Andy & Nancy Neff
Please note that unless otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of
Rashi. Consequently, our notes and comments do not necessarily have any
bearing on the practical Halachah.
(a) Our Mishnah informs us that all Korbanos that are Shechted 'she'Lo
li'Sheman' are Kasher.
What is the snag?
(b) What are then the ramifications of 'Kasher'?
(c) What does 'she'Lo Lisheman' mean?
(d) Which are the two exceptions?
(e) When is a Pesach considered she'Lo bi'Zemano? What is its status?
(a) Which third Korban does Rebbi Eliezer add to the list of exceptions?
(b) What is his reason?
(c) Under what circumstances does Yossi ben Choni render Pasul even an Olah
and a Shelamim that are brought she'Lo li'Sheman?
(a) Shimon Achi Azaryah presents a different principle.
Why was he called
by that name?
(b) What does he mean when he refers to ...
(c) What does he rule in a case where they Shechted ...
- ... 'Namuch le'Shem Gavohah'?
- ... 'Gavohah le'Shem Namuch'?
(d) And he adds that if one Shechted a Bechor or Ma'aser Beheimah as a
Shelamim it is Kasher, but not vice-versa.
- ... Kodshim Kalim as Kodshei Kodshim?
- ... Kodshei Kodshim as Kodshim Kalim?
(a) We ask why the Tana adds the word 'Ela', why he did not simply say
've'Lo Alu le'Ba'alim le'Shem Chovah'.
What is the basis of this Kashya?
(b) We answer with a statement of Rava.
What does Rava say about an Olah
that is Shechted she'Lo Lishmah vis-a-vis the Zerikah (the sprinkling of the
(c) How does that answer our Kashya?
(a) We ascribe Rava's statement to both a S'vara and a Pasuk.
Answers to questions
What is the
(b) And he derives it from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Motza Sefasecha Tishmor
ve'Asisa Ka'asher Nadarta ... Nedavah".
What is strange about the word
(c) How does Rava explain it?
(d) Seeing as one is not responsible to replace a Nedavah, from where do we
know that one is forbidden to bring it she'Lo li'Shemah?
(a) Ravina thought it a pity that Rav Papa was not present in Bei Charmach,
when Rava asked a good Kashya one Shabbos and answered it.
Why indeed was
he not there?
(b) Rava interprets the Mishnah in Gitin 'Kol ha'Get she'Nichtav she'Lo
le'Shem Ishah Pasul' to incorporate 'Stam'.
What will then be the case?
(c) Why does that Mishnah appear to clash with our Mishnah?
(d) What intrinsic distinction does he draw between Get and Kodshim to
explain the difference?
(a) How do we initially try to infer from the Lashon of our Mishnah ('Kol
ha'Zevachim she'Nizbechu she'Lo li'Sheman ... ') that 'S'tama ke'li'Sheman'?
What should the Tana otherwise have said?
(b) On what grounds do we reject this suggestion? What does the Mishnah in
(c) So we cite the Mishnah later 'Keitzad li'Sheman ve'she'Lo li'Sheman;
le'Shem Pesach u'le'Shem Shelamim'.
How do we initially deduce from there
that 'S'taman ke'li'Sheman Dami'?
(d) On what basis do we reject ...
- ... this proof? Why might this case be different than a regular case of S'tam?
- ... a similar proof from the Seifa of that Mishnah, where we infer the same from 'Keitzad she'Lo li'Sheman ve'Lisheman; le'Shem Shelamim ve'le'Shem Pesach' as we did from the Reisha ('Ha S'tama u'she'Shem Pesach Kasher')?
(a) We finally prove our point from a Mishnah later (in Beis Shamai). The
Tana Kama lists six things that the Kohen must have in mind when bringing a
Korban ('le'Shem Zevach, le'Shem Zove'ach, le'Shem Hashem ... ').
Answers to questions
Rebbi Yossi say?
(b) Which 'T'nai Beis-Din' is he referring to?
(c) How do we prove from there that 'S'tama ke'Lishmah Dami'?