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Zevachim 15

ZEVACHIM 11-15 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) Ula Amar Rebbi Yochanan rules that Holachah she'Lo be'Regel, Lo Sh'mah Holachah'.
What She'eilah do we pose following that ruling?

(b) How do we attempt to resolve it from the Beraisa that we just discussed 'Kibel ha'Kasher ve'Nasan le'Pasul, Yachzir le'Kasher' (see Rashash)?

(c) How do we establish the Beraisa to refute the proof?

(d) In the second Lashon, Ula quotes Rebbi Yochanan in such a way that the She'eilah is automatically resolved.
What does he say?

(a) Rav Nachman queried Ula from a Mishnah in the third Perek 'Nishpach min ha'Keli al ha'Ritzpah, ve'Asfo, Kasher'.
How does this pose a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan?

(b) How did Ula refute ...

  1. ... Rav Nachman's Kashya?
  2. ... Rav Nachman's contention that the blood is unlikely to splash in one direction and not in the other? In which case would this indeed be possible?
(c) Alternatively, he established the case when the blood fell into a hole.
What third alternative did he suggest?
(a) On what logical grounds did Rav Nachman reject Ula's answers?

(b) How did he finally prove him wrong from the Mishnah in Perek Sheini 'Nishpach al ha'Ritzpah Ve'asfo, Pasul'? What ought the Tana to have said, according to him?

(c) What do we answer?

(a) With regard to the Machlokes between Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan in our Mishnah (whether Hiluch is an Avodah or not), what do we mean when initially, we confine it to Holachah Zutresi? What is 'Holachah Zutresi'?

(b) What will Rebbi Shimon then hold with regard to Holachah Rabsi?

(c) What was the reaction of the B'nei Eretz Yisrael to this statement?

(a) We initially think that they laughed at the statement, because it creates a problem with the Chatas ha'Of with regard to P'sul Machshavah.
Why is P'sul Machshavah not applicable during the sprinkling ...
  1. ... before the blood emerges?
  2. ... after the blood emerges?
(b) Then what is the problem?

(c) Why is this not a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan, who ruled earlier that 'Holachah be'Regel Lo Sh'mah Holachah'?

(a) How do we resolve the B'nei Eretz Yisrael's problem? What was their mistake?

(b) And we derive this from a She'eilah which Rebbi Yirmiyah asked Rebbi Zeira.
What did he ask him with regard to a Kohen whose hand became severed after he had sprinkled the blood of a Chatas ha'Of but before the blood had reached the Mizbe'ach?

(c) What did Rebbi Zeira reply?

(d) How do we learn this from the Pasuk "Ve'hizah ve'nasan"?

(a) Rav Papa and Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua ascribe the B'nei Ma'arva's laughter to the statement that Rebbi and the Rabbanan do not argue by Holachah Rabsi, when that is precisely what they are arguing about.
How do they know that?

(b) Regarding a Machshavah Pesulah by Holachah Zutresi, Rebbi Shimon and the Rabbanan both agree, though there are two versions as to what they say.
What is the reason of those who say that it is ...

  1. ... Pasul?
  2. ... Kasher?
(a) The B'nei Rebbi Chiya and Rebbi Yanai argue over whether, if a Zar performed Holachah, and a Kohen took the blood back, the Korban is Kasher or not.
What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(b) Why do they only argue over Holachah, and not over ...

  1. ... Shechitah and Zerikah?
  2. ... Kabalas ha'Dam?
(c) What does Rav Shimi bar Ashi say about the reverse case (where a Kohen performed the Holachah, and a Yisrael took it back)?

(d) Rava holds that even the one who holds Pasul in the previous case, will hold Pasul here too.
Why is that?

Answers to questions



(a) What did Ravina quoting Rav Yirmiyah mi'Difti, tell Rav Ashi about 'Tzar ich le'Amtuyei'?

(b) Rebbi Elazar makes a distinction between 'Holachah be'Makom she'Hu Tzarich Le'halech' and 'Holachah be'Makom she'Eino Tzarich Le'halech'. What according to Rava, does everyone hold concerning ...

  1. ... 'Kiblo ba'Chutz ve'Ve'hichniso bi'Fenim'?
  2. ... 'Kiblo bi'Fenim ve'Hotzi'o la'Chutz'?
(c) What is meant by 'ba'Chutz' and bi'Fenim'?
(a) In which case then, do they argue?

(b) Why does Rebbi Elazar say Chayav?

(c) Why do the Rabbanan say Patur?

(a) Abaye queried Rava's statement from a Beraisa.
How did Rebbi Elazar himself explain ...
  1. ... 'Holachah be'Makom she'Tzarich Le'halech'?
  2. ... 'Holachah be'Makom she'Eino Tzarich Le'halech'?
(b) According to this, with whom is Rebbi Elazar coming to argue?

(c) What was Rava's reaction to this?

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(a) Among the Pesulim with regards to Kabalas ha'Dam, our Mishnah lists - Zar, Onan, T'vul-Yom Mechusar Kaparah and Mechusar Begadim.
What is ...
  1. ... an Onan?
  2. ... a Mechusar Kipurim? What does it comprise?
(b) And it also includes 'Areil, Tamei and Yoshev. What is an Areil?

(c) Which three cases of Omed (standing) close the Tana's list? Why do they invalidate the Avodah?

(d) The Tana Kama also disqualifies Kabalah with the left hand.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?

(a) Levi in a Beraisa discusses the Pasuk in Emor (in connection with bringing Korbanos be'Tum'ah) "Daber el Aharon ve'el Banav Leimor Ve'yinazru mi'Kodshei B'nei Yisrael, ve'Lo Yechalelu".
What do we extrapolate from there?

(b) Why can "B'nei Yisrael" not come to preclude the Korban of ...

  1. ... women?
  2. ... Nochrim? What did Mar say about the Tzitz (which appeases for Korbanos that are brought be'Tum'ah) and Nochrim?
(c) Then what *is* the Pasuk saying? Which two statements is the Torah making simultaneously?
(a) Rebbi Yishmael learns Zar from a 'Kal va'Chomer' from Ba'al Mum.
What Pircha does he ask on the Limud from Ba'al Mum?

(b) We answer 'Tamei Yochi'ach'.
How do we answer the Pircha 'Mah le'Ba'al Mum she'Kein Metamei'?

(c) Which two Halachos do we learn from the 'Tzad ha'Shaveh'?

(d) If we learn the prohibition of a Tamei from "vi'Yenazaru" and of a Ba'al-Mum from "Lo Yigash", from where do we learn that of a Zar?

(e) Why can we not learn it too from "B'nei Yisrael Vi'yenazru"?

Answers to questions

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