REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 18
ZEVACHIM 17-18 - Dedicated to the leaders and participants in the Dafyomi
shiurim at the Young Israel of New Rochelle, by Andy & Nancy Neff
(a) In what respect does the Beraisa learn Shesuyei Yayin from Mechusar
(b) Seeing as the Tana began with the Pasuk of "Le'havdil ... " to teach us
Shesuyei Yayin (by the Avodos for which a Zar is Chayav Misah), why does he
conclude with the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of "Chukah" "Chukah"?
(c) How come that the Tana first learns Mechusar Begadim from Shesuyei
Yayin, and then Shesuyei Yayin from Mechusar Begadim?
(d) We conclude that we need "Le'havdil" to teach us the Din of Rav.
did Rav not used to do from the time he ate and drank on Yom-Tov? What did
he learn from "Le'havdil"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with the
Avodah) "Ve'nasnu B'nei *Aharon ha'Kohen* Eish"?
(b) In light of the Pasuk in Tetzaveh ("Ve'chagarta Osah Anvil Aharon
u'Vanav ... Ve'haysah Lahem Kehunah le'Chukas Olam"), why does the Torah
need to write this Pasuk?
(c) Then why does the Torah need the Pasuk in Tetzaveh? Why will this Pasuk
not suffice (because if even Avodos that are not crucial to the Avodah
require Bigdei Kehunah, how much more so Avodos that are)?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk there "Ve'archu *B'nei* Aharon
*ha'Kohanim*" es ha'Nesachim"?
(b) Why does the Torah need to add this? Why can we not learn it from the
Pasuk in Tetzaveh?
(a) The Beraisa validates the Avodah of a Kohen who wears garments that are
Merushalin, Mesulakin or Meshuchakin. 'Meshuchakin' means old garments.
'Merushalin' and 'Mesulakin' are based on the Pasuk in Tzav "Ve'lavash
ha'Kohen Mido Vad".
What do we learn from there?
(b) What is then meant by ...
(c) What does the Beraisa then say about a Kohen who wears two pairs of
pants or two belts, one garment too few or one too many?
- ... 'Merushalin'?
- ... 'Mesulakin'?
(d) The Beraisa includes in the list a Kohen who serves with a plaster on a
wound under his clothes. What do we learn from the Pasuk there "u'Michnesei
Vad Yilbash al Besaro" in this regard?
(a) The Tana concludes the list with a Kohen who is wearing clothes that are
Metushtashin or torn.
Answers to questions
What does 'Metushtashin' mean?
(b) On what grounds does the Tana invalidates the Avodah of a Kohen who is
wearing torn clothes?
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rules 'Merushalin Kesherin, Mesulakin Pesulin'.
How does Rami bar Chama reconcile this with the Beraisa (that we just
learned) 'Mesulakin Kesherin'?
(b) What does Rav say?
(c) When Rav Huna's host queried Shmuel from the Beraisa, the latter cited
Rami bar Chama.
What problem did the host have with Rav's ruling?
(d) How might we interpret 'Merushalin' in the Beraisa to reconcile it with
Rav? What do we see from there?
(a) We still remain with a Kashya on Rav however, from Mesulakin.
we not reconcile Mesulakin in the same way as we did Merushalin (like we did
according to Shmuel)?
(b) Rebbi Zeira therefore concludes that Rav learns only one case.
does he mean?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei ...
(b) How does a person come to possess a garment of ...
- ... "Al Arba Kanfos Kesuscha"?
- ... "Asher Techaseh Bah"?
(c) On what grounds does the Tana preclude a garment of three corners and
include one of five, and not vice-versa?
- ... three corners?
- ... five corners?
(d) What does another Beraisa learn from "al Arba Kanfos Kesuscha"?
(a) How do we initially interpret the basis of their Machlokes?
(b) What does this have to do with the previous Beraisa (of "Merushalin')?
(a) We refute this explanation however, by attributing the Tana's ruling
obligating a garment of five corners, to the 'Ribuy' "Asher Techaseh Bah".
What will both Tana'im then hold with regard to She'eilah of 'Yeser';
'ke'Ma'an de'Isa Dami', or 'ke'Ma'an de'Leisa Dami'?
(b) What does the Tana of the second Beraisa (according to whom "Asher
Techaseh Bah" is redundant) learn from ...
(c) Why does the Tana include the garment of a blind man, but preclude a
night garment, and not vice-versa?
- ... "Asher Techaseh Bah"?
- ... "u'Re'isem Oso" (Sh'lach-Lecha)?
(d) The first Tana includes the garment of a blind man from the word
What does the second Tana say about that?
(a) The Torah writes in Tzav (in connection with the Bigdei Kehunah)
"Ve'lavash ha'Kohen Mido Vad".
What does 'Bad' mean?
(b) The Beraisa also requires them to be new, spun, each thread to be twined
six times and that weekday clothes may not be worn together with them.
where do we learn this latter Halachah?
(c) What did Abaye ask Rav Yosef with regard to the Din of 'new'?
(d) What did Rav Yosef counter from the Din of 'Chutan Kaful Shemonah'?
(a) What did Rav Yosef set out to prove from there? How did he interpret the
(b) From where does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina learn that "Bad" means
(c) How does he answer the Kashya that ...
- ... wool grows in single strands too?
- ... flax also splits into a number of strands?
(a) Ravina learns that "Bad" means linen from the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which
describes the Kohanim's clothes as linen garments ("Pa'arei Pishtim ... ").
What did he answer, when Rav Ashi asked him how they knew what "Bad" meant
until Yechezkel came and taught them?
(b) And to prove his words, Ravina cited another such case.
problem (to that of Rav Ashi) did he raise from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "Kol
ben Neichar Arel Leiv ve'Arel Basar Lo Yavo el Mikdashi".
What is an Arel
(c) Which of these is not recorded in the Torah, and must therefore have
been a 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'?
(a) The Pasuk in Yechezkel continues "Lo Yachgeru ba'Yaza".
How does Abaye
interpret this Pasuk?
(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean when he says 'Lo Lematah
mi'Mosneihen ve'Lo Lema'alah me'Atzileihen'?
(c) Then where did the Kohen tie his belt?
(a) Huna bar Nasan related to Rav Ashi what happened once whilst he was
standing before Izgadar Malka.
Answers to questions
Who was Izgadar Malka?
(b) What did he do with his belt? Where was it tied to begin with?
(c) What comment did Izgadar Malka make?
(d) And what did Ameimar tell Huna bar Nasan when he related the incident to