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Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 44

ZEVACHIM 44 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) Regarding the Pasuk in Tzav (in connection with Pigul) "ve'Im He'achol Ye'achel mi'Besar Zevach Shelamav ... ", what do we learn from ...
  1. ... "mi'Besar"?
  2. ... "Zevach"?
(b) Besides Ofos and Menachos, what does the Pasuk in Emor (in connection with Tum'ah) "Asher Heim Makdishim Li" come to include?

(c) If we learn Nosar from Tum'ah (to incorporate all the above) from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Chilul" "Chilul", what do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Avon" "Avon" regarding Pigul? From where do we learn it?

(d) Since the Torah anyway includes everything in the Isur of Pigul, why does the Pasuk in Tzav mention specifically Shelamim?

(a) The Beraisa initially includes what is similar to Shelamim.
Which Korban does it refer to? In what way is it similar to Shelamim?

(b) What is the problem with learning Pigul by Bechor from Shelamim via a ...

  1. ... 'Mah Matzinu'? What three Chumros does Shelamim have that Bechor does not?
  2. ... a 'K'lal u'P'rat u'K'lal' from "ve'He'achol Ye'achel mi'Besar Zevach Shelamav"?
(c) How does Rava, quoting the B'nei Ma'arva, solve the latter problem?
(a) The Beraisa includes the Log Shemen shel Metzora among the Kodshim items that are subject to Pigul.
Who is the author of this statement? Which Tana holds that one is Chayav for the Log Shemen even though it could be brought later?

(b) How long does one have, to bring the Log Shemen and the Niskei Beheimah after bringing the respective Korbanos which they accompany?

(c) What did Rebbi Meir reply when the Rabbanan asked him in a Beraisa why he included Niskei Beheimah among the Kodshim that are subject to Pigul, seeing as the owner had another ten days during which to bring them?

(d) What is now the problem with the Seifa of the previous Beraisa, which precludes the Niskei Nesachim and the Dam from Pigul?

(a) Rav Yosef establishes the author of the Beraisa ('ad she'Ani Marbeh Log Shemen shel Metzora') as Rebbi, who holds like the Rabbanan of Rebbi Meir (that since one has the option of bringing it later, it is not permitted by the Dam of the Asham. According to the Rabbanan in another Beraisa, the Log Shemen shel Asham is subject to Me'ilah until the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Asham.
What does Rebbi say?

(b) What does that have to do with Pigul?

(c) At which stage may the Kohanim actually eat the Sheyarei Log Shemen, according to both Rebbi and the Rabbanan? Why is that?

(d) What was Rebbi Yirmiyah's reaction when he heard Rav Yosef's answer?

Answers to questions



(a) We cited earlier Rebbi Meir, who confined his ruling including the Log Shemen shel Metzora in the Din of Pigul, to a Log Shemen which came together with the Asham.
How about one that came independent of a Korban?

(b) What permits the Kohanim to eat it?

(c) Why is it not then subject to Pigul?

(d) What Kashya does Rebbi Yirmiyah ask on Rav Yosef from there?

(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah therefore establishes Rebbi Meir as the author of the current Beraisa.
How does he amend the Seifa 'u'Motzi Ani Minchas Nesachim ve'ha'Dam'?

(b) Abaye leaves Minchas Nesachim in the Beraisa.
How does he correlate the Reisha and the Seifa, to go like Rebbi Meir?

(a) The Beraisa includes Log Shemen shel Metzora in the Matnos Kehunah that are eaten, from *"Kol* Korbanam" (in Korach).
Why do we need "Kol" to teach us that? Why is it not included in "Korbanam"?

(b) And from "*le'Chol* Minchasam", he includes Minchas ha'Omer and Minchas ha'Kena'os.
Based on the Pasuk in Tetzaveh "Ve'achlu Osam Asher Kupar Bahem", why do we need a special Pasuk for ...

  1. ... Minchas ha'Omer"?
  2. ... Minchas ha'Kena'os?
  3. ... Asham Nazir (Tamei) and Asham Metzora?
(c) And why do we need a Pasuk to include Chatas ha'Of?

(d) What is the problem with the Tana mentioning Asham Metzora?

(e) So how do we amend the Lashon 'Asham Nazir ve'Asham Metzora'?

(a) The Tana learns the last of the Matnos Kehunah from "Asher Yashivu Li".
What is it?

(b) And what does he learn from "Lecha Hu u'le'Vanecha"?

(a) What is Rebbi Elazar in the name of Rebbi Yossi referring to when he says in a Beraisa 'Pigeil be'Davar ha'Na'aseh ba'Chutz. Pigeil be'Davar ha'Na'aseh bi'Fenim', Lo Pigeil'?

(b) What is the underlying principle behind Rebbi Elazar's ruling?

(a) Why is it not Pigul, if he Shechted the animal in the Azarah with the intention of sprinkling its blood the following day?

(b) What is the reverse case (that is not Pigul either)?

(c) Which case of Parim ha'Nisrafim *is* Pigul?

(a) How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi extrapolate Rebbi Elazar's ruling from the Pasuk in Vayikra (in connection with the Par Kohen Mashi'ach) "Ka'asher Yuram mi'Shor Zevach ha'Shelamim"?

(b) What prompts this D'rashah?

(a) What was Rava (or Rav Yosef)'s reaction to Rav Nachman Amar Rabah bar Avuhah who ruled like Rebbi Elazar Mishum Rebbi Yossi?

(b) How did Abaye respond to Rava's Kashya (based on all of Hilchos Kodshim)?

(c) What did Rava say to that?

Answers to questions

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