(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Zevachim 45


(a) From where do we know that a Nochri can donate Korbanos?

(b) Which three things, besides Shechutei Chutz, are Kodshei Ovdei-Kochavim not subject to, according to Rebbi Shimon?

(c) He adds in a Beraisa that Kodshei Ovdei-Kochavim are not subject to Me'ilah either.
May one derive benefit from them?

(d) Neither can the owner declare a Temurah on them.
What does he mean when he says that Nochrim cannot bring Nesachim?

(a) What does Rebbi Yossi say about all this? What is his reason?

(b) Which kind of Kodshim *are* subject to Me'ilah, even according to Rebbi Shimon?

(c) Which of the above leniencies does Rebbi Shimon learn from ...

  1. ... the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Chet" "Chet" from Terumah?
  2. ... the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ish Ish mi'Beis Yisrael" (see Shitah Mekubetzes 1)?
(d) If Rebbi Shimon exempts the Korban of a Nochri from the Isur of Tum'ah, from "B'nei Yisrael", what does he learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ...
  1. ... "Avon" "Avon"?
  2. ... "Chilul" "Chilul"?
(a) The Torah writes in Korach "Ki Sikchu me'es B'nei Yisrael", to preclude Nochrim from Ma'aser Dagan.
What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Re'ei "Aser Te'aser" (initially)?
  2. ... in Bechukosai "Ve'hayah Hu u'Semuraso"?
(b) What is the problem with ...
  1. ... this dual Limud?
  2. ... the answer 'Ma'aser Beheimah Chulin Hu?
(c) How do we resolve the issue? On what basis are Nochrim not subject to Ma'aser Beheimah even without the Hekesh to Ma'aser Dagan?

(d) Seeing as they are not eligible to bring any obligatory Korbanos at all, why do we add the clause 'she'Ein Lahem Z'man'?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha (in connection with Nesachim) ...
  1. ... "Kol *ha'Ezrach*"?
  2. ... "*Kachah* Ye'aseh la'Shor"?
(b) Bearing in mind that Rebbi Shimon precludes Nochrim from the aspects of Kodshim learned above from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Chet" "Chet" from Terumah, on what grounds does he confine that to Kodshei Mizbe'ach?
Answers to questions



(a) What does the Tana mean when he talks about 'Dam she'Nitma' being Meratzeh? What enables blood that becomes Tamei to atone?

(b) And what does he mean when he rules that Dam she'Nitma ve'Zarko ...

  1. ... be'Shogeg Hurtzah?
  2. ... be'Meizid Lo Hurtzah? Why can we not take this ruling literally?
(c) In which case does the Tana say ...
  1. ... 'Hurtzah', even be'Meizid?
  2. ... 'Lo Hurtzah', even be'Shogeg?
(a) Why did the Rabbanan of Rav Papa think that the author of the latter ruling cannot be Rebbi Yossi?

(b) What did Rav Papa say to them, based on the Pasuk in Tetzaveh (in connection with the Tzitz) "le'Ratzon *Lahem*"?

(c) What did Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua ask on Rav Papa from the Pasuk in Emor (in connection with Tum'ah) "Asher *Heim* Makdishim Li" (bearing in mind that we are currently dealing with the opinion of Rebbi Yossi)?

(d) How does Rav Ashi finally preclude Ritzuy Tzitz from "*le'Ratzon* Lahem"?

(a) All the items that we precluded earlier in the Perek (such as the Kometz and the Ketores) from the Isur of Pigul, our Mishnah includes in the Isur of Nosar and Tamei, but one.
What is the one exception?

(b) Which three items is Rebbi Shimon coming to preclude when he restricts the Din of Tum'ah to Kodshim that are edible?

(a) Why do we initially think that the Isur Tum'ah should only pertain to Kodshim that has parts that are permitted both to the people and to the Mizbe'ach?

(b) Pigul has three Chumros over Tum'ah. One of them is that it is 'bi'Kevi'a'.
What does this mean?

(c) The second is that one Yedi'ah suffices, whereas Tum'ah requires a Yedi'ah at the beginning as well as at the end.
When is the Yedi'ah required in the case of Pigul?

(d) What is the third Chumra of Pigul?

(a) So what do we learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (in connection with Tum'as Kodshim) ...
  1. ... "Asher Heim Makdishim Li"?
  2. ... "Asher Yikrav"? How does Rebbi Elazar explain this (seeing as one is not Chayav for touching Kodshim be'Tum'ah)?
(b) What is an example of ...
  1. ... 'Yesh Lo Matirin'?
  2. ... 'Ein Lo Matirin'? When does such Kodshim become subject to Tum'ah?
(c) From where do we know that the same applies to Nosar?

(d) We suggest that one should rather learn Nosar from Tum'ah (than "Avon" Avon" from Pigul) because it is similar to it in 'Gezel' (Guf, Zerikah and Chilul ).
'Guf' means that they are both Pesulei ha'Guf (as opposed to Pigul which is a P'sul Machshavah).
What is the meaning of ...

  1. ... 'Zerikah'?
  2. ... 'Chilul'?
(a) We counter the above suggestion however, with the fact that Nosar is similar to Pigul as regards 'Hutar, Tzitz, Tahor, bi'Z'man and Kareiv'.
If 'Hutar' means that neither of them is permitted by a Korban Tzibur, 'Tzitz', that the Tzitz does not atone for either of them, and Tahor, just like it suggests, what do 'bi'Z'man' and 'Kareiv' mean?

(b) So we finally learn Nosar from Tani Levi.
What does Levi's Beraisa learn from the Pasuk there (written before "Asher Heim Makdishim Li") "ve'Lo *Yechalelu* es Sheim Kodshi"? What should the Torah otherwise have written?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,