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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 54

ZEVACHIM 54 (4 Av) - Dedicated by Mr. and Mrs. D. Kornfeld in honor of the Yahrzeit of Rivkah bas Elimelech Shmuel (Zelikovitz, nee Kornfeld), of Hungary/Haifa/Yerushalayim. Aunt Relly was a strong woman, who survived the holocaust and remained filled with Chesed and Ahavas Torah.


(a) The Beraisa describes the Avodah of the Olas ha'Of. How did the Kohen perform the Matnas Dam on the Mizbe'ach?

(b) By which Kesren did he perform the Avodah of the Olas ha'Of?

(c) What problem does this create, if, as we just explained, the south-eastern Keren had no Yesod?

(d) Why can we not answer that the blood would anyway fall on to the Sovev, which is where he was standing when he performed the Mitzuy?

(a) What condition must the Chachamim therefore have made, according to Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak?

(b) How does this answer the Kashya, seeing as the blood would drip down on to the floor, which was Yehudah's domain?

(c) Rav learns that apart from the one Amah in the east and the south, those two sides had no Yesod (as we have understood until now).
What does Levi say?

(d) If Rav quotes the Targum of "ba'Boker Yochal Ad" as 'be'Achsanteih Yisbanei Madb'cha (Makom Damim)', how does Levi quote it?

(a) How will Levi explain the Mishnah in Midos (in connection with the Yesod) 'Ochel be'Darom Amah Achas u've'Mizrach Amah Achas'?

(b) And how will Rav explain the Mishnah there 'ha'Mizbe'ach Hayah Sheloshim-u'Shetayim al Sheloshim-u'Shetayim', implying that it was square?

(a) How long was ...
  1. ... the ramp?
  2. ... the Mizbe'ach?
(b) To reconcile this with the Beraisa, which gives the combined length as sixty-two Amos, we answer 'Nimtza Pore'ach al Amah Yesod ve'al Amah Sovev'.
What do we mean by that?

(c) How does this Beraisa pose a Kashya on Rav?

(d) How will Rav then explain it?

(a) The Beraisa describes how the three sections of the Mizbe'ach, as well as the Amah al Amah Keranos were made.
What were their respective sizes?

(b) How were they formed?

(c) Why does this Beraisa pose a Kashya on Rav?

(d) Why can Rav not answer that they subsequently cut off the section of Yesod that was in Yehudah's territory?

Answers to questions



(a) So how does Rav solve this problem? What did they do to avoid filling in Yehudah's portion, despite the shape of the mold?

(b) And we prove it with a statement of Rav Kahana.
Based on the Pasuk in Zecharyah "u'Mal'u ke'Mizrak ke'Zaviyos Mizbe'ach", what did Rav Kahana say about the four Keranos?

(c) What was the purpose of these holes?

(d) Given the fact that the Keranos were made in the same way as the other sections of the Mizbe'ach (as we explained), how did they make these holes, without actually boring a hole into them?

(a) The Pasuk in Shmuel writes "Vayeilech David u'Shmuel Va'yeishvu be'Noyos be'Ramah".
What is the significance of Ramah?

(b) Noyos and Ramah are two different towns.
So how does Rava explain "Noyos" in this context?

(c) What did they learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with the Beis-Hamikdash) "Ve'kamta Ve'alisa el ha'Makom"?

(a) Which are the only tribes whose borders are clearly defined in Sefer Yehoshua?

(b) How did David and Shmuel work out that the Makom Hamikdash was located in Yerushalayim?

(a) Why did they originally intend to build the Beis-ha'Mikdash in Ein Itam?

(b) What is the connection between Ein Itam and the Spring of Mei Nefto'ach?

(c) What made David and Shmuel change their minds when they recalled the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... ve'Zos-ha'Berachah (in connection with the B'rachah of Binyamin) "u'Vein Keseifav Shachein"?
  2. ... Vayechi (in connection with the B'rachah of Yehudah) "u'Mechokek me'Bein Raglav"?
(d) What was Do'eg ha'Edomi's reaction to David's efforts to locate the Makom ha'Mikdash?
(a) How does the Pasuk in Tehilim describe the extent of David's efforts?

(b) In the same chapter, the Pasuk there writes "Hinei Shema'anuhah be'Efrasah, Metzanuhah bi'Sedei Ya'ar".
Who is meant by ...

  1. ... "Efrasah" (who came from Efrayim)?
  2. ... "Ya'ar" (where wolves roam)?
(c) What does the Pasuk now mean?
(a) Our Mishnah discusses the remaining Kodshei Kodshim.
What are Zivchei Shalmei Tzibur?

(b) What is an ...

  1. ... Asham Shifchah Charufah?
  2. ... Asham Nazir?
(c) Like the Olah, they require Tzafon regarding the Shechitah and the Kabalas ha'Dam.
Who eats them, where, how and until when?
Answers to questions

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