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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 57

ZEVACHIM 57 (7 Av) - has been dedicated to the memory of Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens, N.Y., by his wife and daughters on his sixth Yahrzeit. G-dfearing and knowledgeable, Simcha was well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be remembered.


(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Korach (in connection with Bechor Beheimah) "u'Besaram Yih'yeh Lach ka'Chazeh ha'Tenufah u'che'Shok ha'Yamin"?

(b) When the She'eilah was put to the Chachamim in the Sanhedrin, Rebbi Tarfon too, answered that Bechor can be eaten for two days.
Why does the Tana describe Sanhedrin as 'Kerem be'Yavneh'?

(a) What was the name of the Talmid who appeared for the first time before the Sanhedrin, and who asked Rebbi Tarfon for his source?

(b) When Rebbi Tarfon replied by comparing Bechor to Shelamim, on the grounds that both are Kodshim Kalim, Rebbi Yossi Hagelili suggested that it was preferable to compare it to Chatas or Asham (which can only be eaten for one day).
Why was that?

(c) And he repeated this argument when Rebbi Yossi Hagelili gave another reason for comparing Bechor to Shelamim rather than Chatas and Asham. Which other reason?

(d) Rebbi Akiva then took over from Rebbi Tarfon.
What did he gain by citing the Hekesh to Shelamim that we quoted above?

(a) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili persisted, claiming that even if one learns Bechor from Chazeh ve'Shok, there is no proof that it may be eaten for two days.
Why is that?

(b) Rebbi Akiva answered by pointing at the Lashon "u'Vesaram Yih'yeh Lach" that precedes "ka'Chazeh ha'Tenufah ... ".
What does that prove?

(c) Rebbi Yishmael sent Rebbi Akiva a message that he had erred.
Why was that? Why could one not learn Bechor from Todah even without the Pasuk "u'Vesaram Yih'yeh Lach"?

(a) So what does Rebbi Yishmael learn from "u'Vesaram Yih'yeh Lach"?

(b) How does Rebbi Akiva learn that from "u'Vesaram"?

(c) And how does Rebbi Yishmael interpret "u'Vesaram"?

(a) The Machlokes between Rebbi Akiva and Rebbi Yishmael (whether eating Chazeh ve'Shok of Todah is considered a Hekesh or not) is based on whether 'Heimenu ve'Davar Acher' is a 'Hekesh' or not.
What does this mean?

(b) What is written explicitly by Todah, and what do we learn from a Hekesh from Shelamim?

(c) What does each Tana now hold?

(a) We try to prove Rebbi Akiva right from the Avodah on Yom Kipur.
What do we learn from the Hekesh in Acharei-Mos "ve'Chein Ya'aseh le'Ohel Mo'ed"?

(b) 'Heimenu ve'Davar Acher' concerns what we learn from the Sa'ir Chatas (shel Yom Kipur [and vice-versa]) with regard to Achas Lema'alah ve'Sheva Lematah.
What is written explicitly ...

  1. ... by the Par ve'Sa'ir shel Yom ha'Kipurim?
  2. ... by the Sa'ir Nasi?
(c) What is now the problem, according to Rebbi Yishmael?

(d) What do we mean when we answer 'Mekomos Hu de'Gamri me'Hadadi'?

Answers to questions



(a) Alternatively, we answer 'Chutz mi'Penim be'Chad Zimna Gamir'.
What does this mean?

(b) What do we learn from the Hekesh in Emor (in connection with the Sh'tei ha'Lechem) "mi'Moshvosechem Tavi'u Lechem"?

(c) What has the Torah already written by the Chametz Lachmei Todah?

(d) We still need "Tih'yenah" to teach us that each of the ten Chametz loaves comprises an Isaron.
What would we thought otherwise?

(a) What do we then learn from the Pasuk in Tzav (in connection with the Lachmei Todah) "al Chalos Lechem Chametz"?

(b) What Kashya does this pose on Rebbi Yishmael?

(c) We answer 'Tavi'u Yeseira Hi'.
What does this mean?

(a) Rav Yosef establishes the author of our Mishnah, which restricts Achilas Pesachim until midnight, as Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah.
What does he learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" (in Bo, in connection with the Korban Pesach) "Ve'avarti be'Eretz Mitzrayim ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" (in Va'eira)?

(b) Rebbi Akiva disagrees on the basis of the Pasuk in Bo "Va'achaltem Oso be'Chipazon".
What does he learn ...

  1. ... from there?
  2. ... the Pasuk "ba'Laylah ha'Zeh" (in Bo)?
(c) Abaye suggested that the author of our Mishnah could even be Rebbi Akiva, who permits eating the Korban Pesach until morning.
How is that possible?

(d) Rav Yosef refuted Abaye's suggestion however, on the basis of the Lashon 've'Eino Ne'echal Ela ad Chatzos'.
What did he extrapolate from there?

***** Hadran Alach 'Eizehu Mekoman' *****

Answers to questions

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