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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 59

ZEVACHIM 59 - dedicated in honor of the Bar-Mitzvah of Moshe Tavin, by his parents. May he continue to "go from strength to strength" and grow in Torah and the fear of Hashem, and bring true Nachas to his family.


(a) What did Rav say about any Korbanos that are Shechted in the Azarah after the Mizbe'ach became chipped?

(b) What did he comment about the source of this Halachah?

(c) When Rav Kahana arrived in Eretz Yisrael, he found Rebbi Shimon be'Rebbi who, citing Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi, quoted the Pasuk in Yisro "Ve'zavachta Alav es Olosecha ve'es Shelamecha".
What did he learn from there?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan carries this Halachah still further.
What does he mean when he says 'Echad Zeh ve'Echad Zeh Pesulin'?

(b) What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(c) What problem do we have with the Beraisa, which invalidates any Kodshim that preceded the building of the second Beis-Hamikdash?

(d) So we change the text from 'ad she'Lo Nivneh ha'Mizbe'ach' to 'ad she'Lo Neheras ha'Mizbe'ach'.
What problem do we have with that?

(a) So we amend the text once more to 'ad she'Lo Nifgam ha'Mizbe'ach'.
On whom does this pose a Kashya?

(b) So to accommodate Rav, we amend the First phrase in the Beraisa.
How will 'Kol ha'Kodshim she'Hayu Sham ... ' now read?

(c) What does Rav Gidal Amar Rav say in connection with the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores that has been removed?

(d) How does this pose a Kashya on Rav's ruling regarding Mizbe'ach she'Nifgam'?

(a) We answer the Kashya on Rav with a statement by Rava.
What does Rava mean when he says 'Modeh Hayah Rebbi Yehudah be'Damim'? What does Rebbi Yehudah concede?

(b) What does this have to do with Rav?

Answers to questions



(a) How many Olos did Shlomoh Hamelech bring on the copper Mizbe'ach of Moshe when it served as the Bamah in Giv'on?

(b) Where did he later bring 22,000 bulls and 120,000 sheep? Which Mizbe'ach was then in use?

(c) If, as Rebbi Yehudah explains, the Pasul is literal, what is then the meaning of ...

  1. ... "ba'Yom ha'Hu Kidesh ha'Melech es Toch ha'Chatzer"?
  2. ... "ki Mizbe'ach ha'Nechoshes Asher Lifnei Hashem Katan me'Hachil'?
    Which Mizbe'ach?
(d) Rebbi Yossi disagrees.
Where did Shlomoh burn the bulls and the sheep, according to him?
(a) How does Rebbi Yossi dispense with Rebbi Yehudah's problem (concerning the vastly superior numbers of Korbanos that the Mizbe'ach had to contain?
Why was he so certain that there was sufficient room on the stone Mizbe'ach to burn them all on one day?

(b) To what does he attribute the fact that it was possible to burn a thousand Korbanos on one day on such a small Mizbe'ach (as that of Moshe)?

(c) And how does he explain the Pasuk "ki Mizbe'ach ha'Nechoshes ... Katan me'Hachil"? To which Mizbe'ach does the Pasuk pertain?

(d) In what basic point does Rebbi Yehudah then argue with Rebbi Yossi?

(a) Rebbi Yossi learns the Pasuk in Terumah "Chamesh Amos Orech ve'Chamesh Amos Rochav" literally, as we already explained. What does Rebbi Yehudah say, based on the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ravu'a" (the next word in the Pasuk) from "Ravu'a" (in Yechezkel, in connection with the Mizbe'ach)?

(b) What was then the size of the Makom ha'Ma'arachah?

(c) How much larger was Shlomoh's Mizbe'ach than that of Moshe? Based on the proportion to its size, how many Korbanos could they have brought on it?

(d) And what does Rebbi Yehudah learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'ha'Ariel Sh'teim-Esrei Orech bi'Shteim-Esrei Rochav el Arba'as Reva'av"?

(a) Rebbi Yossi learns the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ravu'a" "Ravu'a" from the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores. What does he learn from there (regarding the height of the Mizbe'ach)?

(b) How tall was Moshe's Mizbe'ach according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(c) What did Rebbi Yehudah ask Rebbi Yossi from the Pasuk in Terumah "ve'Komah Chameish Amos"?

(d) To answer the Kashya, Rebbi Yossi quoted two Pesukim.
What did he learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... in Bamidbar "ve'es Kal'ei he'Chatzer ... Asher al ha'Mishkan ve'al ha'Mizbe'ach"?
  2. ... in Vayakhel "Kela'im Chameish-Esrei Amah el ha'Kasef"?
(e) Why does the Pasuk in Vayakhel give ...
  1. ... their height as five Amos?
  2. ... the height of the Mizbe'ach as three Amos?
Answers to questions

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