REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 62
ZEVACHIM 62-63 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) To explain how they able to extend the Mizbe'ach, how does Rav Yosef
finally Darshen the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim, which compares the Mizbe'ach to
the Bayis? How big was the Bayis of the second Beis-Hamikdash?
(b) Then why did Shlomoh not extend the Mizbe'ach, to allow the wine to
drain through the Mizbe'ach to the pit, as we explained?
(c) In that case, why did they add only four Amos, and not thirty-two (to
make up the sixty Amos)?
(a) We ask how the Anshei K'neses ha'Gedolah knew the exact location of the
Mizbe'ach. Why do we take for granted that they knew the exact location of
(b) According to Rebbi Elazar, they were shown a vision which helped them
solve this dilemma.
(c) What did they see in the location of the Mizbe'ach (the Makom
ha'Ma'arachah presumably), in the opinion of Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha?
(d) How did their sense of smell help them to solve the problem, according
to Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni?
(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah explains that three Nevi'im came back with them
What were their names?
(b) If one of them described the measurements of the Mizbe'ach, and the
second one pin-pointed its location, what did the third one teach in
connection with bringing Korbanos nowadays?
(c) According to Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov in a Beraisa, the second Navi
taught them the two latter facts.
What teaching did the third one convey,
in connection with the script in which the Seifer-Torah should be written?
(d) In which script was it originally given to us?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about ...
(b) Which word is written by each item in the first list that determines the
stringent ruling that pertains to it, as Rav Huna explains?
- ... the Keranos, the Kevesh (the ramp), the Yesod (the base) and the squareness of the Mizbe'ach ha'Olah?
- ... the length, the breadth and the height?
(c) Rebbi interprets the Pasuk in Terumah "Tachas Karkov ha'Mizbe'ach" as
What is 'Kiyur'?
(d) How does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah interpret "Karkov"?
(a) In that case, we ask, why is 'Kiyur' not crucial to the Avodah,
according to Rebbi, and the Sovev, according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah?
What do we answer?
(b) The Beraisa describes what they did when, one day, one of the Keranos
How did that happen?
(c) What did they do to repair it?
(d) How effective was the repair?
(a) After the Tana Kama lists the four items that are crucial to the
validity of the Mizbe'ach (as we learned above), what does Rebbi Yossi
b'Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) What do we assume Rebbi would say?
(c) What problem do we have with the Beraisa 'Eizehu Karkov, bein Keren
le'Keren, Makom Hiluch Raglei ha'Kohanim'?
(d) How do we then amend the Beraisa?
(a) The "Mishear Ma'aseh Reships Nechoshes" (a copper girdle resembling a
fishing-net, that encircled the Mizbe'ach). Where did they place it? How
wide (deep) was? What purpose did it serve?
(b) What Kashya does this pose on the current Beraisa?
(c) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak reconcile the Beraisa with the Pasuk?
How many kinds of Karkov were there on the Mizbe'ach?
(d) What purpose did the Karkov on top of the Mizbe'ach serve? How wide was
(a) We learned in the Beraisa that the length, the width and the height of
the Mizbe'ach are not crucial to the Avodah.
Answers to questions
How does Rebbi Mani qualify
(b) How did the Chachamim react when Rav Yosef gave the Shi'ur of Moshe's
Mizbe'ach as one Amah?
(c) How did Abaye interpret Rav Yosef's statement? What did Rav Yosef
(d) What did Rav Yosef mean when he referred to those who laughed as 'B'nei
(a) What did Rebbi Tarfon's nephews (sons of his sister) comment when he
misquoted the Pasuk in Chayei Sarah "Va'yosef Avraham Va'yikach Ishah
(b) Why did he do that?
(a) What were the 'G'zirin' (otherwise known as the 'Sh'nei Gizrei Eitzim')?
(b) What were their measurements, in the time of Moshe, according to Rav
Avin bar Huna Amar Rav Chama bar Guri'ah?
(c) Rebbi Yirmiyah claims that they were small-size Amos. But Rav Yosef
cites the Pasuk in Vayikra "al ha'Eitzim Asher al ha'Eish Asher al
What do we learn from that Pasuk?
(d) How does he query Rebbi Yirmiyah's statement from there?
(a) The Mishnah describes the ramp that led up to the south side of the
How long and how wide was it?
(b) Rav Huna derives its location from the Pasuk "al Yerech ha'Mishkan
What does he learn from ...
(c) Then why did the Torah write "Ravu'a", rather than 'Ravutz'?
- ... there?
- ... the Pasuk "Ravu'a"? What does that come to preclude?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa learns it from the Pasuk in Yechezkel
"u'Ma'aloseihu P'nos Kadim".
What does the Pasuk mean?
(b) How does Rebbi Yehudah try to prove from there that the ramp must have
been on the south side of the Mizbe'ach? On which principle is it based?
(c) On what grounds do we refute Rebbi Yehudah's proof?
(a) We ultimately derive the location of the ramp from the 'Yam shel
Shlomoh' (the gigantic Mikveh that Shlomoh made in the Azarah). What do we
prove from the Beraisa quoted by Rami bar Yechezkel "Omed al Sh'neim-Asar
Bakar, Sheloshah Ponim Tzafonah, u'Sheloshah Ponim Yamah ... ".
(b) Why can we not refute this proof too, by pointing out that the Pasuk is
needed for its inherent Chidush (like we refuted Rebbi Yehudah's proof)?
(a) Rebbi Shimon ben Yossi ben Lekunyah asked Rebbi Yossi whether Rebbi
Shimon really spoke of a slight gap between the ramp and the Mizbe'ach. Why
was Rebbi Yossi surprised at the question?
(b) How did he extrapolate it from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Ve'asisa Olosechah
(c) On what grounds did he reject the suggestion that the Kohen could
fulfill the terms of the 'Hekesh' by standing next to the Ma'arachah and
tossing the Eivarim on to the Ma'arachah?
(d) How does Rav Papa preclude the previous suggestion from the Hekesh (that
serves as the source for this Halachah) of Basar to Dam?
(a) Rav Yehudah refers to two small ramps that led off the main ramp.
was their significance? Where did they lead to?
(b) Did these two ramps actually lead all the way to the Sovev and the Yesod
(c) How does Rav Yehudah learn the gap from the word "Saviv"?
(d) From where does Rebbi Avahu learn it?
(e) In fact, both words are needed.
What would we have thought had the
Torah only written ...
- ... "Saviv"?
- ... "Ravu'a"?
(a) We have already discussed the Mishnah in Midos, which gives the combined
lengths of the ramp and the Mizbe'ach as sixty-two Amos, instead of
sixty-four, as one would have expected.
Answers to questions
What does Rami bar Chama say about
the regular gradient of man-made ramps ? What is the ratio of their height
(b) Then why was the ramp of the Mizbe'ach a little less than that (one Amah
per three and a half Amos plus one a third Etzba'os)?
(c) What was the gradient of the two minor ramps that ran off the main ramp?