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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 64

ZEVACHIM 64-65 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) From "Ki Chatas Hi" we learned that Chatas ha'Of requires the south-western corner.
What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... "ve'Hegishah el P'nei ha'Mizbe'ach"?
  2. ... "ve'es Kol Dam ha'Par Yishpoch el Yesod ha'Mizbe'ach"?
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that the Avodah of the Olas ha'Of is performed initially by the south-eastern corner.
What reason does Rebbi Yochanan give for this?

(c) What does Rebbi Yochanan comment on the distance that the Kohanim had to throw the crop together with the intestines of the bird? What distance are we talking about?

(d) What else was placed on the Beis ha'Deshen, besides the crop and intestines of the Olas ha'Of and the Terumas ha'Deshen each morning?

(a) The source for this is the Mishnah in Tamid, which discusses the Terumas ha'Deshen.
From where did the Kohen take the silver shovel full of ashes each morning?

(b) Where did he go with the ashes once he arrived at the foot of the ramp?

(c) How far ...

  1. ... would he walk with the ashes?
  2. ... from the ramp did he deposit them?
(d) When he brought the Olas ha'Of on the south-eastern corner, he stood on the Sovev.
Where did he stand when he brought it on the south-western corner?
(a) How many Amos was it from ...
  1. ... the spot where the Kohen stood when he threw the crop ... to the neastern edge of the ramp?
  2. ... the edge of the Mizbe'ach to the Beis-ha'Deshen?
(b) How far was it then from the point where he stood when he threw the crop, to the Beis-ha'Deshen?

(c) Why did Rebbi Yochanan then refer to thirty Amos and not thirty-one?

(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the Kohen never turned left for the south-western corner, except for the Nisuch ha'Yayin, the Nisuch ha'Mayim and the Olas ha'Of (when it was brought there).
What reason does Rebbi Yochanan give for ...
  1. ... the Nesachim?
  2. ... the Olas ha'Of?
(b) What happens if the Kohen Gadol declares that he wishes to bring the Olah that other Kohanim are already holding?

(c) The Mishnah describes how he then has to turn right and walk round the Mizbe'ach until he reaches the south-western Keren where he performs the Nisuch ha'Yayin.
How do we initially interpret 'Nasnu Lo Yayin la'Nesech'?
Why is this a Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan?

(a) Rebbi Yochanan replied 'Hakafah be'Regel'.
What did he mean by that?

(b) What is the point of walking round the Mizbe'ach empty-handed?

(c) Why is this problem peculiar to the Kohen Gadol?

(d) How does Rava prove Rebbi Yochanan right from the Lashon of the Mishnah 'Nasnu Lo Yayin Lenasech'? What ought the Mishnah to have otherwise said?

Answers to questions



(a) The Beraisa reiterates what we learned in the Mishnah, listing the two Nisuchim and the Olas ha'Of as the only exceptions to the rule of always going to the right.
What problem do we have with the Lashon of the Beraisa 'Olin Derech Ma'arav Ve'yordin Derech Ma'arav, Olin Derech Yemin Ve'yordin Derech Yemin'?

(b) How does Ravina amend the Beraisa?

(c) Rava answers that whereas 'S'mol' refers to the left of the Kohen, 'Yemin' refers to the right of the Mizbe'ach.
What does that mean?

(d) What problem do we have with Rava's answer?

(a) Our Mishnah continues to discuss the Chatas ha'Of, whose Melikah is performed ''mi'Mul Oref''.
What is "Oref", and what is "Mul Oref"?

(b) What do learn from the Pasuk in Vayikra "ve'Lo Yavdil"?

(c) What does the Kohen do after performing the Haza'ah?

(d) What does the Tana say about the entire body of the bird besides the blood?

(a) How does the Tana of a Beraisa describe the Haza'ah of a Chatas ha'Of, as opposed to the Matnos Dam of a Chatas Beheimah or of an Olas Beheimah?

(b) Is it in order to sprinkle the blood on the wall of the ramp, the Heichal or the Ulam?

(c) Bearing in mind that the blood of a Chatas Beheimah is sprinkled above the Chut ha'Sikra, and the blood of an Olas Beheimah below it, why would we have thought that the blood of a Chatas ha'Of is sprinkled above it, too?

(a) What does the Beraisa learn from "ve'ha'Nish'ar ba'Dam Yimatzeh el Yesod ha'Mizbe'ach"?

(b) What would be the problem if the blood was sprinkled above the Chut ha'Sikra?

(c) What do we ask on this? Why ought there not to be a problem with "Yimatzeh"?

(d) What do we answer? What is the significance of the fact that the Torah writes "Yimatzeh" and not "Yematzeh" (or "Yamtzeh")?

(a) To perform the Melikah, Rav Zutra bar Tuvya informs us, the Kohen held the bird's wings with two fingers and its two feet between two fingers.
Which fingers?

(b) Where was the body of the bird lying?

(c) How did he hold its neck whilst performing the Melikah?

(d) The Beraisa differs from Rav Zutra bar Tuvya.
Where was the bird lying, according to the Tana?

(a) The Beraisa concludes 'Zu Hi Avodah Kashah she'be'Mikdash'. Kemitzah and Chafinah were equally difficult.
What was so difficult about the Kemitzah?

(b) What was the Chafinah? When was it performed?

(c) How do we therefore amend the Lashon of the Beraisa 've'Zu Hi Avodah Kashah she'ba'Mikdash'?

(a) The Tana then discusses the Olas ha'Of.
Where was this generally performed? Where was the Kohen standing?

(b) What distinguished the Melikah of the Olas ha'Of from that of the Chatas ha'Of?

(c) Immediately following the Melikah, what did the Kohen do first with the body of the body, then with its head?

(d) And what did he do to the bird's head, before tossing it on to the Ma'arachah?

(a) What did he remove from the bird's body before preparing it for the Ma'arachah?

(b) What did he then do with the body before tossing it on to the Ma'arachah?

(c) Will the Olas ha'Of be Kasher if the Kohen ...

  1. ... split the body in two?
  2. ... tossed the body on to the Ma'arachah without removing the crop and the intestines?
  3. ... failed to salt the bird before burning it?
(d) What common principle governs all three rulings?
(a) What does the Tana say about ...
  1. ... 'Hivdil be'Chatas', ve'Lo Hivdil be'Olah' (with regard to the Melikah)?
  2. ... 'Mitzah Dam ha'Rosh ve'Lo Mitzah Dam ha'Guf'?
  3. ... 'Mitzah Dam ha'Guf ve'Lo Mitzah Dam ha'Rosh'?
(b) What will be the Din if the Kohen performed the Melikah or the Mitzuy, she'Lo li'Shemah or li'Shemah and she'Lo li'Shemah of ...
  1. ... a Chatas ha'Of?
  2. ... an Olas ha'Of?
(a) What will be the Din if the Kohen performed the Melikah or the Mitzuy of a Chatas ha'Of with the intention of eating something that is normally eaten, or of an Olas ha'Of with the intention of burning something that is normally burned ...
  1. ... Chutz li'Mekomo?
  2. ... Chutz li'Zemano?
(b) Under what condition does the Chiyuv Kareis take effect?

(c) This incorporates where the Kohen performed either the Melikah or the Mitzuy, S'tam and the other one with a Mechsheves Chutz li'Zemano, or vice-versa.
What third possible case does the Tana present?

(d) Which three cases does the Tana then list to demonstrate 'Lo Karev ha'Matir ke'Mitzvaso?

Answers to questions

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