REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 65
ZEVACHIM 64-65 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of
love for the Torah and for those who study it.
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a Chatas ha'Of she'Malkah she'Lo
Lish'mah u'Mitzah Damo Chutz li'Zemano' or vice-versa, or if both were
performed she'Lo li'Shemah (presumably, this latter case is only inserted on
account of the other two cases, since it has nothing to do with Pigul)?
(b) What would be the Din in the equivalent case by an Olas ha'Of?
(c) And what does the Tana Kama say about 'Le'echol k'Zayis ba'Chutz,
k'Zayis le'Machar' or vice-versa, 'ka'Chatzi Zayis ba'Chutz, ka'Chatzi Zayis
le'Machar' or vice-versa?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah disagrees.
In which of the above cases will he rule
'Pigul ve'Chayavin Alav Kareis'?
(b) What do the Chachamim say?
(c) What does the Mishnah rule in the case of 'Le'echol ke'Chatzi Zayis
u'Lehaktir ka'Chatzi Zayis (with regard to any of the above combinations)?
(a) The Torah writes in Vayikra, (in connection with Olas ha'Of),
"Ve'hikrivo", in spite of having already written "ve'Ve'hikriv min
What reason does the Beraisa give for ...
(b) Rebbi Akiva learns from "Kohen u'Malak" that the Kohen performs the
Melikah with his finger-nail.
- ... this?
- ... the Torah finding it necessary to continue "el ha'Kohen" (prior to the Melikah)? Why might we have thought otherwise?
Why would we otherwise have taken for
granted that Melikah requires a K'li Shareis?
(c) This D'rashah is only possible because "Kohen u'Malak'' would otherwise
What makes it superfluous?
(d) And what does the Beraisa learn from the Hekesh "u'Malak Ve'Hiktir"
(with regard to the location of the Melikah)?
(a) The Tana also learns that the Melikah of an Olas ha'Of must be performed
'mi'Mul Oref (and not at the front of the neck) from a 'Gezeirah-Shavah'.
(b) What does he learn from ...
(c) And what does he learn from ...
- ... the Hekesh "u'Malak Ve'hiktir" (apart from the location of the Melikah)?
- ... the double expression "Ve'hiktir Oso" (in connection with the body of the Olas ha'Of) and "Ve'hiktir ha'Mizbeichah"?
- ... "Ve'nimtzah Damo" (and not 'min ha'Dam')?
- ... "el Kir ha'Mizbe'ach"?
(a) Why can the Pasuk "u'Malak Ve'hiktir Ve'nimtzah Damo" not be understood
(b) Why indeed does the Torah place "Ve'hiktir" before "Ve'nimtza"?
(c) Why would we have otherwise thought that the Mitzuy of the Olas ha'Of
should take place below the Chut ha'Sikra?
(d) And how do we then know that the Melikah had to be performed on top of
the Mizbe'ach (standing on the Sovev)?
(a) Is the Kohen permitted to bend down and perform the Melikah below the
(b) What do Rebbi Rebbi Nechemyah and Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say?
(c) Seeing as the Tana Kama agrees with the D'rashah of "Ve'nimtzah
Ve'hiktir", how do Abaye and Rava explain their opinion?
(d) What is then the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) What does another Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "be'Notzasah"? What would
we have thought, had the Torah omitted it and just written "Ve'heisir es
Answers to questions
(b) According to Aba Yossi ben Chanan, the Kohen removes the stomach too.
In his opinion, what does the word "be'Notzasah" incorporate?
(c) Rebbi Yishmael says 'be'Notzah Shelah; Kodrah be'Sakin ke'Miyn Arubah'.
What does he mean by that?
(d) Why is he obligated to use a knife?
(a) With regard to the Din of splitting the Olas ha'Of, (where the Torah
writes "Ve'shisa Oso") what does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in
Shoftim (in connection with Shimshon and the lion) "Va'yeshas'ehu ke'Shesa
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that if the Kohen cut both pipes of a Chatas
ha'Of, the Korban is Pasul. Why can the author not be Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi
(c) What does Rav Chisda mean when he connects their Machlokes to whether
Mitzuy is crucial to the Chatas ha'Of or not.
Assuming that it is, how
will that explain the opinion of the Chachamim?
(d) What will Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon then hold?
(a) According to Rava, the Machlokes hinges on 'Shehiyah Bein Si'man
What is normally the Din if a Shochet delays between the
Shechitah of the two Simanim when Shechting ...
(b) Why is it inevitable to delay between the two Simanim of the Chatas
- ... an animal?
- ... a bird?
(c) Then what is the basis of the Machlokes? Why do the Chachamim rule that
despite the fact that he delayed, the Korban is Pasul?
(d) Then why does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon hold that it is Kasher?
(e) Why, seeing as the Torah requires the cutting of two Simanim by Olas
ha'Of, is it not crucial (like it is by an animal) according to the
(a) Abaye establishes the Machlokes by whether it matters or not if the
Kohen cuts through the majority of the Basar of the neck of the Chatas ha'Of
Over which case are the Tana'im then arguing?
(b) How will we then explain the opinion of ...
(c) What would even the Chachamim hold if the Kohen were to cut Rov Basar
- ... the Chachamim?
- ... Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon?
(d) Abaye and Rava actually argue over the same point as Rebbi Zeira and
Rebbi Shmuel b'Rebbi Yitzchak.
What is their Machlokes?
(a) The source for the differences between the Melikah of the Chatas ha'Of
and the Olas ha'Of is a Beraisa.
What does the Kohen do, according to the
Tana, before he actually cuts any Si'man?
(b) What distinction does the Tana draw between the Melikah of the two
birds, besides the fact that the Kohen cuts only one Si'man of the Chatas,
but two Simanim of the Olah?
(c) Is the Kohen obligated to cut the Si'man of the Chatas ha'Of and the two
Si'manim of the Olas ha'Of completely?
(d) When they told Rebbi Yirmiyah how the various Amora'im interpreted the
Machlokes Tana'im, he cited a statement in the name of Rebbi Elazar ben
How did the latter interpret the Machlokes, based on the Pasuk (by
Chatas ha'Of) "Lo Yavdil"?
(a) How did Rav Acha b'rei de'Rava query Rebbi Yirmiyah's interpretation by
citing the Pasuk in Mishpatim (in connection with a pit that someone dug in
the street) "ve'Lo Yechasenu"? What Kashya does that pose on Rebbi Elazar
(b) Rav Ashi replied by citing the Pasuk "Ba'al ha'Bor Yeshalem" in
Mishpatim and "Ve'hikrivo" in Vayikra (by Olas ha'Of, immediately following
What do we learn from ...
(c) How does this prove that "Lo Yavdil" means 'Eino Tzarich Lehavdil", and
not that it is a prohibition?
- ... "Ba'al ha'Bor Yeshalem"?
- ... "Ve'hikrivo"? What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi, in Chulin, learn from there?
(a) Following the Mitzuy ha'Dam, the Torah writes "Olah Hu".
***** Hadran Alach 'Kodshei Kodashim' *****
What does the
Beraisa learn from ...
(b) According to Ravina, why does the Tana know learn this way, and not
- ... "Olah"?
- ... "Hu"?
Answers to questions