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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 71

ZEVACHIM 71-72 - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for the Torah and for those who study it.


(a) What does our Mishnah say about Zevachim that got mixed up with Chata'os which must die, even one in ten thousand (which will be explained in the Sugya)?

(b) Three of the Chata'os ha'Meisos are the baby of a Chatas, one whose owner dies, and a Temuras Chatas.
What are the remaining two?

(c) What does the Tana say about Zevachim that got mixed up with another animal that is forbidden (but that is not Asur be'Hanah)?

(d) Then what does 'forbidden' mean?

(a) An example of this category is an animal that was raped or raped or that killed someone.
Why is the animal not Chayav Sekilah and therefore Asur be'Hana'ah?

(b) Why is the animal not put to death in the case where the owner witnessed his animal 'sinning'?

(c) Then why can all the animals not be sold, to be brought as the same Korban that is mixed up among them?

(a) If "min ha'Beheimah", "min ha'Bakar" and "min ha'Tzon" come to preclude from the Mizbe'ach, an animal that raped or that was raped, one that was designated for worship and one that was worshipped respectfully, what do we learn from the 'Vav' in "u'min ha'Tzon"?

(b) In what way do the case where the animal was designated for worship and one that was worshipped differ from an animal that killed someone or that raped or that was raped?

(c) In addition to the above, the Tana lists another five animals which are forbidden to go on the Mizbe'ach, among them an Esnan Zonah, a Mechir Kelev and Kil'ayim.
What is ...

  1. ... 'Mechir Kelev'?
  2. ... 'Kil'ayim'?
(d) One of the last two items on the list is a Yotze Dofen.
What is the other?
Answers to questions



(a) What happens to Korbanos that get mixed up with ...
  1. ... regular, unblemished Chulin?
  2. ... Kodshim of the same kind, but belonging to different owners?
  3. ... Kodshim of a different kind?
  4. ... a Bechor or with Ma'aser Beheimah?
(b) In the pre-last case, who bears the loss of the excess costs?

(c) Besides the fact that Ma'aser and Bechor cannot be sold in order to redeem them, two other Chumros pertain to them.
Why may the owner not Shecht and sell them in the butchery (like one does with other Kodshim)?

(d) Which other Chumra pertains to them, for the same reason?

5) According to the Tana of our Mishnah, which are the only two Korbanos that cannot get mixed up?


(a) When our Mishnah says 'Kol ha'Zevachim she'Nizbechu ... *Afilu* Achas be'Ribu, Yamusu Kulan', what problem do we have with the word 'Afilu'?

(b) How do we interpret it?

(c) We learned in a Mishnah in Temurah 'Kol ha'Asurin Legabei Mizbe'ach Osrin be'Chol she'Hein, ha'Rove'a ve'ha'Nirva ... '.
What does 'Osrin ... ' mean?

(d) When Rav Kahana put this apparent repetition to Rav Shimi bar Ashi, what did he reply? Having taught us this Halachah ...

  1. ... there, why did the Tana find it necessary to repeat it here?
  2. ... here, why did the Tana find it necessary to repeat it there?
(a) Considering that our Mishnah itself goes on to teach us the Halachah in cases that are not Isurei Hana'ah, why do we then need the Mishnah in Temurah to repeat it?

(b) Then why do we need to repeat it in our Mishnah? What does our Tana add that we do not know from the Mishnah in Temurah?

(c) What does the Mishnah in Avodah-Zarah say about Yayin Nesech and Avodas-Kochavim that got mixed up with Heter?

(d) With reference to what we said a short while back (that our Mishnah teaches us that the mixture is even forbidden to a Hedyot), why do we need ...

  1. ... our Mishnah to ostensibly teach us the same thing?
  2. ... the Mishnah there, seeing as we already know it from our Mishnah?
Answers to questions

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