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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 83

ZEVACHIM 82-83 - These Dafim have been sponsored by Dr. and Mrs. Shalom Kelman of Baltimore, Maryland, USA. May Hashem bless them with a year filled with Torah and Nachas!


(a) In the Pasuk "Hein Lo Huva es Damah", the Torah continues "Lechaper ba'Kodesh".
What does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Eliezer (in our Mishnah) learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Lechaper" from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "ve'Chol Adam Lo Yih'yeh ba'Kodesh be'Vo'o *Lechaper* ba'Kodesh" (warning everybody to leave the Heichal the moment the Kohen Gadol enters to perform the Avodah)?
  2. ... Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk there "ve'es Par ha'Chatas ve'es Se'ir ha'Chatas Asher Huva es Damam Lechaper ba'Kodesh"?
(b) Rebbi Eliezer, we explain, learns 'Chutz' from 'Chutz'.
What do we mean by that?

(c) What is Rebbi Shimon's reason?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah validates a Chatas if its blood is taken into the Heichal be'Shogeg, implying that be'Meizid, it would be Pasul.
What are the two possible interpretations of this inference?

(b) Rebbi Yirmiyah cites a Beraisa which discusses the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (that we just cited) "ve'es Par ha'Chatas ve'es Se'ir ha'Chatas ... ".
What is wrong with the Tana's question 'Mah Talmud Lomar "ve'ha'Soref Osah ... "?

(c) Which words in the Pasuk *is* the Tana concerned with?

(d) What does he learn from there?

(a) From which word does *Rebbi Meir* learn this?

(b) What is the basis of their Machlokes? Why does Rebbi Yehudah not learn the other Nisrafin from "Lechaper"?

(c) What does this prove?

***** Hadran Alach 'Kol ha'Zevachim' *****

***** ha'Mizbe'ach Mekadesh *****


(a) The Tana Kama of our Mishnah rules that the Mizbe'ach sanctifies whatever is fit for it.
What does this mean?

(b) What is called fit for it?

(a) Rebbi Yehoshua says 'Kol ha'Ra'uy Le'Ishim'.
What does Raban Gamliel say?

(b) Which two items does Rebbi Yehoshua preclude from the principle 'Im Alu Lo Yerdu', which Raban Gamliel includes?

(c) If Rebbi Yehoshua learns from "Hi ha'Olah al Mokdah" that 'Kol ha'Ra'uy la'Ishim ... Lo Teired', from where does Raban Gamliel learn 'Kol ha'Ra'uy la'Mizbe'ach?

(a) What does Rebbi Shimon say in a case where the Korban is Kasher and the Nesachim became Pasul or vice-versa? Which one remains on the Mizbe'ach and which one is taken down?

(b) Why are they taken down even if it is the Korban that became Pasul?

(c) What will be the Din if they both became Pasul?

Answers to questions



(a) We already explained that when the Tana refers to 'whatever is fit for the Mizbe'ach', he means that it has been designated to go on it. According to Rav Papa, what does this preclude?

(b) What does Ula say about Eimurei Kodshim Kalim which one brought on the Mizbe'ach before the Zerikas Dam?

(c) In what way are the Eimurim of Kodshei Kodshim different in this regard?

(d) When Ravina queried Rav Papa from Ula's ruling, how did the latter reconcile the two? In what way are the Kematzim different than the Eimurei Kodshim, Kalim regarding the Din of 'Im Alu'?

(a) Raban Gamliel in our Mishnah learns 'Kol ha'Ra'uy la'Mizbe'ach' from 'Hi ha'Olah ... al ha'Mizbe'ach', whereas from "Hi ha'Olah al Mokdah" he learns Pok'in.
What does 'Pok'in' mean?

(b) And what does Rebbi Yehoshua learn from "Asher Tochal ha'Eish"?

(c) Raban Gamliel Darshens "Asher Tochal ha'Eish es ha'Olah al ha'Mizbe'ach" like the Beraisa cited by Rebbi Chanina bar Minyumi.
What does the Tana extrapolate from "Asher Tochal ha'Eish"?

(d) So from where does Rebbi Yehoshua learn that?

(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua, why does the Torah add the words "al ha'Mizbe'ach"?

(b) Where does Raban Gamliel learn that from?

(c) Rebbi Yehoshua needs both Pesukim to teach us 'Alah, Lo Yeired'.
Why is that?

(d) What does Raban Gamliel say to that?

(a) Rebbi Shimon in our Mishnah learns that the Korban remains on the Mizbe'ach (even when it is Pasul), but not the Nesachim. How does he learn this from "Hi ha'Olah"?

(b) Rebbi Yossi Hagelili in a Beraisa, learns what 'Im Alu, Lo Yerdu', from the Pasuk in Tetzaveh "ve'Zeh Asher Ta'aseh al ha'Mizbe'ach, Kevasim ... "; Rebbi Akiva learns it from the "Hi ha'Olah" that we discussed earlier. What, according to Rav Ada bar Ahavah, are the ramifications of their Machlokes?

(c) What does ...

1. ... Rebbi Yossi Hagelili learn from "ha'Olah"? What would we have thought had the Torah not written it?
2. ... Rebbi Akiva learn from "Kevasim"? What does it come to exclude from the Din of 'Im Alu, Lo Yerdu'?
(d) And in which point do the Tana'im of the Beraisa (Rebbi Yossi Hagelili and Rebbi Akiva) argue with the Tana'im in our Mishnah (Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Yehoshua)? What will the former preclude from ' ... Lo Yerdu', whilst the latter include it?
Answers to questions

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