(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Zevachim 94

ZEVACHIM 94 - (14 Elul) - This Daf has been dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of Yisrael (son of Chazkel and Miryam) Rosenbaum by his son and daughter and families, and in memory of Sheina Basha (daughter of Yakov and Dora) Zuckerman, who passed away on 10 Elul, by her children and sons in law.


(a) What makes a flayed skin more fit to become Tamei more than one that is not?

(b) What does S'tam Beged comprise?

(c) What does Rebbi Elazar in the Beraisa, learn from ...

  1. ... "Asher Alehah Techabes"?
  2. ... "Beged"?
(a) In which point does Rebbi Elazar disagree with Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) What is his source for that?

(c) What is Rebbi Yehudah's source? Where do we find a Beged that is not subject to Tum'ah without the owner's Machshavah?

(a) This is Abaye's explanation.
How does Rava establish the Machlokes even by a Beged that is more than three Etzba'os by three Etzba'os? What makes it 'Ra'uy' according to Rebbi Yehudah?

(b) How will Rava reconcile this with the Halachah that one Machshavah cannot negate another?

(c) Alternatively, Rava establishes the Machlokes by an Utzva? What is an Utzva?

(d) What determines whether it is subject to Tum'ah or not?

(a) In which case do Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Shimon then argue?

(b) We support this with a statement by Rebbi Shimon ben Menasyah in a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Shimon ben Menasyah say about an Utzva that the owner specifically intended to cut?

(c) We learned in our Mishnah that only a Beged that is Ra'uy Lekabel Tum'ah (implying that it lacks Machshavah) requires Kibus.
Who is the author of that statement?

(d) What does the Tana mean when he adds 've'Ra'uy le'Kibus? What is he coming to preclude?

(a) The Mishnah in Shabbos permits the removal of spit or Tzo'ah from a cloth cushion using a (dry) rag.
What does the Tana say about removing it from a leather cushion?

(b) How does Abaye initially resolve this contradiction?

(c) The source for this is a Beraisa, where the Tana Kama (in connection with the blood of a Chatas) requires Beged and Sak to be washed, and a vessel and leather to be scraped.
What does Acherim say?

(d) Like which Tana did Rav Chiya bar Ashi then hold when he testified that he would often wash Rav's shoes on Shabbos with water?

(a) Rava asks from the Pasuk in Tazri'a "ve'ha'Beged O ha'Shesi ... O Kol K'li Or Asher Techabes". How does he therefore establish ...
  1. ... the Pasuk and our Mishnah?
  2. ... the Machlokes between Acherim and the Rabbanan?
(b) How will we then establish Rebbi Chiya bar Ashi?

(c) On what grounds did Rava retract from this explanation? What is a 'Kli Achsalgaya'?

(d) So how does he explain the Beged Or in the Pasuk? If it incorporates hard leather, what is the point in washing it?

Answers to questions



(a) What problem does Rava have with the Mishnah in Shabbos 'Haysah shel Or, Nosen Alehah Mayim ad she'Tichlah'? How does he know that the Tana is speaking about soft leather?

(b) So how does he explain it?

(c) We learned earlier that Rav Chiya bar Ashi testified 'Sachsichi Me'sa'anei de'Rav.
What does 'Sachsichi' mean?

(d) Why was he not permitted to make Kiskus?

(a) If there is no Kibus without Kiskus, then why does the Mishnah in Shabbos not permit washing the dirt off the cloth cushion by pouring water on it?

(b) Rava follows his reasoning elsewhere.
What did he say about throwing ...

  1. ... a 'Sudar' into water?
  2. ... flax-seeds into water?
(a) In the latter case, why can Rava not be referring to the Melachah of sowing seeds?

(b) What happens to flax seeds in water that does not happen to wheat and barley seeds?

(c) What forces us to retract from the suggestion that the Chiyuv is because of gluing them together (a Toldah of sewing)?

(d) So which Melachah *does* one contravene?

(a) What did Rava mean when he Darshened 'Mutar Lechabes Man'al be'Shabbos'?

(b) What objection did Rav Papa raise?

(c) When did he raise it?

(d) What was Rava's reaction to Rav Papa's objection?

(a) From where does the Beraisa learn that garments that absorbed the blood of the Chatas must be washed in the Azarah?

(b) What does the Tana learn from the "Vav" in ...

  1. ... "*u*'K'li Cheres Asher Tevushal Bo Yishaver"?
  2. ... "*ve*'Im bi'Ch'li Nechoshes Bushalah u'Morak ve'Shutaf ba'Mayim"?
(c) The Mishnah concludes 'Zeh Chomer be'Chatas mi'Kodshei Kodshim'.
How do we initially explain the Tana's omission in the Mishnah of the Chumra ...
  1. ... that the blood of Chata'os Chitzoniyos is taken into the Heichal, it becomes Pasul (but not of other Kodshei Kodshim)?
  2. ... that Chata'os alone atone for Chayvei K'riysus?
  3. ... that Chata'os require four Matanos on the four Keranos, as opposed to the Shetayim she'Hein Arba of other Korbanos?
(d) Which three Chumros definitely pertain to Chatas exclusively?

(e) Then why does the Tana not insert them?

(a) According to our Mishnah, what does one do with a garment on which blood of a Chatas is squirted, or an earthenware or copper vessel in which a Chatas is cooked, and which is subsequently taken outside the Azarah?

(b) And what does do if, in addition, Tum'ah occurred to the ...

  1. ... garment?
  2. ... earthenware vessel?
  3. ... the copper vessel?
(c) Why is all this is necessary?
(a) Bearing in mind that the Torah prescribes washing the "Beged", how can one tear it before washing it (since a torn Beged is no longer a Beged)?

(b) How do we reconcile this with Rav Huna, who maintains that if enough of a Tamei garment remains intact to be used as an apron, it retains its Tum'ah?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,