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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 111

ZEVACHIM 111-112 - these Dafim have been dedicated anonymously l'Iluy Nishmas Tzirel Nechamah bas Tuvya Yehudah.


(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa declares someone who pours three Login of wine ba'Chutz, Chayav.
What does Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon say?

(b) Rav Ada b'rei de'Rav Yitzchak establishes their Machlokes by Birutzei Midos.
What are 'Birutzei Midos'?

(c) What is then the Machlokes?

(a) According to Rabah b'rei de'Rava, the Machlokes is based on whether Yisrael brought Nesachim in the desert or not (to which we referred a little earlier). Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon holds like Rebbi in a Beraisa, who states 'Bamas Yachid Einah Tzerichah Nesachim'. The Tana Kama holds like the Chachamim.
What do they say?

(b) The above Machlokes in turn, hinges on another Machlokes. Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa learns from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-Lecha (in connection with the Nesachim) "Ki Savo'u el Eretz Moshvoseichem" that a Bamah Gedolah requires Nesachim.
How does he extrapolate from the same Pasuk that this applies to a Bamah Gedolah, and not to a Bamah Ketanah?

(c) Acording to Rebbi Akiva, the Pasuk is referring to a Bamah Ketanah. How does he learn this from "Moshvoseichem"?

(d) How will Rebbi Yishmael explain "Moshvoseichem"?

3) What does Rebbi ...
  1. ... Yishmael extrapolate from the fact that the Pasuk is referring to Bamos Tzibur?
  2. ... Akiva extrapolate from the fact that the Pasuk is referring to Bamos Yachid?
(a) What reason does Rebbi Yochanan ascribe to Rebbi Nechemyah, who declares Chayav someone who pours the Sheyarei ha'Dam, ba'Chutz?

(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Akiva in a Beraisa, query Rebbi Nechemyah?

(c) What did Rebbi Akiva retort when Rebbi Nechemyah countered from Eivarim u'Pedarim, for which one is Chayav ba'Chutz, despite the fact that they too, are Sheyarei Mitzvah?

(d) What do we ask on Rebbi Yochanan from this Beraisa? According to him, what should Rebbi Nechemyah have replied?

(e) How do we initially reply to that Kashya?

(a) We nevertheless get round it by citing Rav Ada bar Ahavah.
How does Rav Ada bar Ahavah establish the Machlokes in 'Eizehu Mekoman' regarding whether 'Sheyarim Me'akvin' or not?

(b) How do we then establish ...

  1. ... Rebbi Nechemyah in our Mishnah?
  2. ... the Machlokes between Rebbi Nechemyah and Rebbi Akiva in the Beraisa?
(c) What problem do we have with this, based on Rebbi Nechemyah's reply to Rebbi Akiva?

(d) How do we resolve the problem?

Answers to questions



(a) What does our Mishnah say about a Kohen who performs Melikah bi'Fenim and sacrifices the bird ba'Chutz?

(b) Why does the Tana rule that if he also performed the Melikah ba'Chutz, he is Patur on ...

  1. ... the Ha'ala'ah?
  2. ... on the Melikah?
(c) What does the Mishnah say about someone who Shechts a bird ...
  1. ... bi'Fenim and sacrifices it ba'Chutz? Why is that?
  2. ... ba'Chutz and sacrifices it ba'Chutz??
(d) What is the difference between the two cases, seeing as in the latter case, the Of becomes Pasul be'Yotzei too?
(a) It transpires, the Tana observes, that 'Derech Hechsheiro bi'Fenim Peturo ba'Chutz, Derech Hechsheiro ba'Chutz, Peturo bi'Fenim'. What does the Reisha mean?

(b) What is the problem with the Seifa?

(c) How do we therefore amend the wording of the Mishnah, to accommodate the Seifa?

(a) What does Rebbi Shimon in the Mishnah mean when he says 'Kol she'Chayavin Alav ba'Chutz Chayavin al ka'Yotzei Bo bi'Fenim she'He'elah ba'Chutz'?

(b) What is the only exception?

(c) Why can Rebbi Shimon not be referring to the Reisha ('ha'Molek Of bi'Fenim Ve'he'elah ba'Chutz Chayav; Malak ba'Chutz Ve'he'elah ba'Chutz Patur'), to teach us that just as he is ...

  1. ... Chayav bi'Fenim, so too, is he Chayav ba'Chutz'?
  2. ... not Chayav ba'Chutz, so too, is he not Chayav bi'Fenim?
(d) And why can he not be referring to the Seifa ('ha'Shochet Of bi'Fenim ve'He'elah ba'Chutz, Patur; Shachat ba'Chutz ve'He'elah ba'Chutz, Chayav'), to teach us that just as he is ...
  1. ...not Chayav bi'Fenim, he is not Chayav ba'Chutz either?
  2. ... Chayav ba'Chutz, he is Chayav bi'Fenim?
(a) Ze'iri learns the Machlokes with regard to the Shechitah of an animal at night-time, which he now adds to our Mishnah ('ve'Chein ha'Shochet ba'Laylah bi'Fenim Ve'he'elah ba'Chutz ... ').
What does the Tana Kama rule? Who is the Tana Kama?

(b) What does Rebbi Shimon hold? What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(c) In the same way, Rava learns that they are arguing over a case of Kiblah bi'Cheli Chol.
Based on his amended version of the Mishnah, what is their Machlokes?

(d) And what is the basis of the Machlokes?

(a) According to Avuhah di'Sh'muel, Rebbi Shimon explicitly comments on the Seifa of the Reisha ('ha'Molek Of bi'Fenim Ve'he'elah ba'Chutz Chayav; Malak ba'Chutz Ve'he'elah ba'Chutz Patur').
What does he hold?

(b) What is he then referring to when he concludes 'Chutz min ha'Shochet bi'Fenim u'Ma'aleh ba'Chutz'?

(c) What sort of cases does that comprise?

(d) Why is Shochet bi'Fenim Ve'he'elah ve'Chutz different?

(a) What does our Mishnah say in a case where the Kohen received the blood of a Korban in one vessel, and then placed some of the blood ...
  1. ... 'ba'Chutz and some bi'Fenim'?
  2. ... 'bi'Fenim and some ba'Chutz'? Why is that?
(b) Why does the Tana mention the first case (which is obvious)?

(c) What is the Chidush in the Seifa?

(a) If the Kohen received the blood in two vessels, and placed it all outside, he is Chayav.
How many Chata'os will he have to bring?

(b) What will be the Din if he placed the blood of one of the cups ...

  1. ... bi'Fenim and the other, ba'Chutz?
  2. ... ba'Chutz and the other, bi'Fenim?
(a) To which case does the Tana compare the current set of Halachos?

(b) If he Shechts them both ba'Chutz, he is Chayav for each one.
Why is that?

(c) And why is he Patur if he Shechts the first one bi'Fenim and the second one ba'Chutz?

(d) What will be the Din in the reverse case?

(a) The Tana concludes 'Ke'shem she'Damah Poter es Besarah, Kach Hi Poteres es B'sar Chavertah.
What do we mean by 'Damah Poter es Besarah'?

(b) Which case is he referring to? Why is that?

(c) On what grounds will the blood of the one exempt the Basar of the other from Me'ilah (despite the fact that it is Pasul, and not fit for the Kohanim to eat)?

(d) Why does the Tana mention this here, seeing as it has nothing to do with Shechutei Chutz?

Answers to questions

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