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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Zevachim 112

ZEVACHIM 111-112 - these Dafim have been dedicated anonymously l'Iluy Nishmas Tzirel Nechamah bas Tuvya Yehudah.


(a) We explained in our Mishnah why, in the Reisha (in the case of one Kos), 'ba'Chutz ve'Chazar va'Nasan bi'Fenim' is Chayav, but why is he Chayav in the case of 'bi'Fenim Ve'he'elan ba'Chutz', seeing as the blood that remains is only Shirayim?

(b) We reconcile this with the Seifa (in the case of two Kosos), where the Tana rules 'Echad bi'Fenim ve'Echad ba'Chutz, Patur', by establishing it like the Tana Kama of Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon.
What does he say about the second cup in such a case?

(c) This latter Machlokes (which we already quoted in 'Kol ha'Pesulin') concerns a case where the Kohen received the blood of a Chatas in four cups.
What happened next?

(a) The Tana compared the case of two cups to the case of someone who finds the Chatas that became lost after he had already designated a second one.
What problem do we have with that?

(b) We answer by establishing our Mishnah like Rebbi.
What distinction does Rebbi make between the case in our Mishnah and a case where the owner originally designated two Chata'os?

(c) Does this mean that the second animal is brought as an Olah?

(a) Nevertheless, the second Chatas is only Kasher because of a statement by Rav Huna Amar Rav.
What did Rav Huna Amar Rav say in connection with an 'Asham she'Nitak le'Re'ayah'?

(b) How will that explain why, in the case of two Chata'os, Rebbi will render him Chayav for the Shechitah of the second one ba'Chutz?

(c) But how can we compare the second Chatas (a female animal which is not fit to be brought as an Olah, even Bedieved) to the Asham of Rav Huna Amar Rav, which is a male?

(a) What do the Rabbanan say in the case of two Chata'os? In which point do they argue with Rebbi?

(b) How does this answer the original Kashya? Why *does* the Mishnah find it necessary to insert the case of two Chata'os here?

***** Hadran Alach 'ha'Shochet ve'ha'Ma'aleh ****

***** Perek Paras Chatas *****


(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who Shechted a Paras Chatas or the Sa'ir ha'Mishtale'ach, ba'Chutz?

(b) How does the Tana extrapolate this from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos (in connection with Shechutei Chutz) "ve'el Pesach Ohel Mo'ed Lo Hevi'o"?

(c) And what does he learn from the Pasuk there "Lifnei Mishkan Hashem" concerning a Rove'a, Nirva, Muktzeh, Ne'evad, Mechir Kelev and Esnan Zonah?

(d) Which other three Pesulim are contained in the Tana's list?

(a) One is not Chayav for Shechting a Ba'al-Mum Kavu'a.
What does the Tana Kama say about a Ba'al-Mum Over?

(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon disagree with the Tana Kama?

Answers to questions



(a) What does the Tana Kama say about who Shechts 'young' pigeons or 'old' doves?

(b) And what does Rebbi Shimon hold?

(c) The Mishnah refers to Mechusar Z'man. What are the two meanings of 'Mechusar Z'man'?

(d) What do the same Tana'im say with regard to someone who Shechts (the second of) Oso ve'es B'no or Mechusar Z'man ba'Chutz?

(a) We just cited Rebbi Shimon (who holds that even though all cases of Mechusar Z'man do not carry a Chiyuv Kareis, they are subject to a La'av).
What do the Rabbanan say?

(b) What does 'Mechusar Z'man be'Ba'alim' refer to?

(c) What distinction does the Tana draw between whether a Zav ... brings his Chatas and Asham ba'Chutz prematurely, or his Olah and Shelamim?

(d) Why the difference?

(a) What does the Tana say about someone who brings Basar Kodshim or Kodshim Kalim, Mosar ha'Omer, Sh'tei ha'Lechem, Lechem ha'Panim or Sheyarei Menachos, ba'Chutz?

(b) Having already listed Basar Chatas and Asham, what is the Tana referring to when he mentions 'Kodshei Kodshim' independently? What other animal Kodshei Kodshim is there?

(c) And what does the Tana say about a Kohen who pours oil on the Minchah, breaks up the Minchas Ma'afeh-Tanur, mixes the flour and the oil, salts, waves or brings the Minchah to the Mizbe'ach, arranges the Lechem ha'Panim on the Shulchan, prepares the Menorah in the morning, takes a Kemitzah or receives the blood of a Korban, Bachutz?

(d) All those mentioned in both of the above lists are not subject to the strict punishment of Zarus, Tum'ah, Mechusar Begadim or performing them without the Kohen washing his hands. Why is a Zar Patur from ...

  1. ... the first list (the Basar of Kodshei Kodshim ... )?
  2. ... the second list (ha'Yotzek, ve'ha'Bolel ... ')?
(e) If we learn she'Lo Richutz Yadayim ve'Raglayim from Mechusar Begadim regarding the previous Halachah, from where do we learn Mechusar Begadim?
(a) The Torah writes in Mishpatim (with regard to the Korbanos that were brought prior to Matan Torah) "Va'yishlach es Na'arei B'nei Yisrael".
To whom does this refer?

(b) Which two major changes took place regarding the Avodas ha'Korbanos when the Mishkan was set up? What became forbidden and who took over the Avodah from then on?

(c) Where were Kodshei Kodshim and Kodshim Kalim respectively, then eaten?

(a) When they arrived in Gilgal, Bamos became permitted once more, and Kodshei Kodshim had to be eaten within the hangings.
What sort of Bamah is the Tana talking about?

(b) Which is the only Nidar ve'Nidav that was not sacrificed on a Bamah?

(c) And Kodshim Kalim could now be eaten anywhere (even though the Mishkan was still standing).
On what is this change of Halachah based?

(d) Why does the Tana not inform us where Ma'aser Sheini was eaten during the era of Gilgal?

(a) How long did the era of Gilgal last? What succeeded it?

(b) How does the Torah refer to Mishkan Shiloh? What was unusual about the structure of Mishkan Shiloh?

(c) Where did they now eat ...

  1. ... Kodshei Kodshim?
  2. ... Kodshim Kalim and Ma'aser Sheini?
(d) Which period followed Shiloh? Where did they eat Kodshei Kodshim and Kodshim Kalim then?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei ...
  1. ... "Ki Lo Ba'sem ad Atah el ha'Menuchah ... Lo Sa'asun ke'Chol Asher Anachnu Osin Poh Imanu ha'Yom ... Ish Kol ha'Yashar be'Einav"?
  2. ... "Vi'yeshavtem ba'Aretz ... Hishamer Lecha Pen Ta'aleh Olosecha be'Chol Makom Asher Tir'eh"?
(b) What caused the 'destruction' of Shiloh?

(c) How do we know that, after the destruction of Shiloh, the Bamah Gedolah was situated in Nov?

(d) When was it moved to Giv'on?

(a) If the Torah refers to Shiloh as 'Menuchah', what is it referring to when it writes 'Nachlah'?

(b) What became forbidden forever, once Yerushalayim was chosen?

(c) Where were Kodshim Kalim now eaten?

(a) How many categories of sin are Kodshim that are sacrificed ba'Chutz during the period when Bamos are forbidden subject to, assuming that they are sanctified during the period of ...
  1. ... Isur Bamos?
  2. ... Heter Bamos?
(b) And what if they are sanctified during the period that Bamos are permitted but sacrificed when they are forbidden?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about Korbanos that were sanctified for the Mishkan (whilst it was standing in Gilgal)?

(b) If this pertains to Korbenos Tzibur S'tam, what will be the Din with regard to Korbenos Yachid ...

  1. ... S'tam?
  2. ... which one sanctified specifically for the Mishkan?
(c) What does the Tana then mean when he adds 've'Im Hikrivam be'Bamah, Patur'?
(a) The Tana lists the various distinctions between a Bamas Yachid and a Bamas Tzibur. After Semichah, Shechitas Tzafon and Sh'tei Matanos she'Hein Arba, he adds two that pertain to Menachos.
What are they?

(b) In which regard does Rebbi Yehudah disagree with the last two?

(c) To the above list that applies exclusively to a Bamah Gedolah, the Tana adds Kehunah, Bigdei Shareis, Re'ach Nicho'ach, Mechitzah le'Damim and Richutz Yadayim ve'Raglayim.
What does he mean to preclude when by ...

  1. ... 'Re'ach Nicho'ach'?
  2. ... 'Mechitzah le'Damim'?
(d) What does the Mishnah finally say about Z'man (Machsheves Chutz li'Zemano), Nosar and Tamei?
Answers to questions

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