REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Zevachim 115
ZEVACHIM 115 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in
Baltimore, Maryland, formerly of Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
(a) On what basis does Rav Huna object to Rav Ila'i Amar Resh Lakish (who
holds that one is Chayav Shechutei Chutz for an Asham she'Lo bi'Zemano
she'Lo li'Shemo ... )?
(b) How will he then establish the Mishnah in the first Perek validating all
Kodshim that are Shechted she'Lo li'Sheman?
(c) What is the Din of a Pesach that one brings all year round she'Lo
li'Shemo (as a Shelamim)?
(d) Bearing in mind that it is Pasul li'Shemo, how does Ula reconcile his
objection with this ruling?
(a) In the Parshah of Shechutei Chutz, the Torah could have written " ...
Asher Yishchat ba'Machaneh O Asher Yishchat mi'Chutz la'Machaneh, ve'el
Pesach ... Lo Hevi'o". The Beraisa includes Olas Mechusar Z'man be'Ba'alim
plus two other Korbanos from "Shor, O Kesev O Eiz" (which are superfluous)
What are the other two?
(b) What does the Tana conspicuously omit?
(c) Why can the Tana not be talking about ...
(d) Perhaps the Tana is talking about li'Shemo, and he is Chayav ba'Chutz,
since he would be Chayav bi'Fenim she'Lo li'Shemo?
- ... an Asham bi'Zemano (bi'Shemo)?
- ... an Asham she'Lo bi'Zemano, li'Shemo?
(a) How must the Beraisa then be speaking? What does this prove?
(b) We reject the proof however, by establishing the case by bi'Zemano
she'Lo li'Shemo, but the author is Rebbi Eliezer. What does Rebbi Eliezer
say about an Asham she'Lo li'Shemo bi'Fenim?
(c) Why does the Tana then mention Asham and not Chatas?
(d) What is wrong with establishing the Beraisa by bi'Zemano and li'Shemo,
and the Chidush by Asham will extend to Chatas too?
(e) Seeing as an Asham (or a Chatas) she'Lo li'Shemo bi'Fenim is Pasul, why,
according to Rebbi Eliezer, is one then Chayav for Shechting it ba'Chutz
(a) The Beraisa discusses an 'Olah Mechusar Z'man be'Gufah and a Chatas bein
be'Gufah bein be'Ba'alim'.
On what grounds do we reject the text 'Yachol
she'Ani Marbeh Olah Mechusar Z'man ... '? How do we account for that text?
(b) What is ...
(c) What do we extrapolate from the fact that the Tana omits Asham?
- ... 'Olah Mechusar Z'man be'Gufah'?
- ... 'Chatas ... be'Ba'alim'?
(d) What is the case of Asham Mechusar be'Ba'alim? Which Asham are we
(a) Why can the Tana not be referring to Asham li'Shemo?
(b) So the Tana must be talking about she'Lo li'Shemo.
On whom does this
pose a Kashya?
(c) Here too, we establish the Beraisa like Rebbi Eliezer.
Is the Tana
speaking in a case of li'Shemo or she'Lo li'Shemo? Why is he Patur?
(d) So why did he only mention Chatas, and not Asham?
(a) According to Rav Huna, on what grounds do the Rabbanan agree with Rebbi
Eliezer in this ruling?
(b) Then what forces Rav Huna to establish the author as Rebbi Eliezer?
(c) In addition, the Rabbanan do not learn Asham from Chatas, and we would
not automatically learn one from the other.
If the Tana had wanted to
mention only one, why would it have been preferable to mention Asham rather
(a) When Rav Dimi came from Eretz Yisrael, he cited a Beraisa of bei bar
Liva'i, which hinted at a Pasuk which includes Olas Mechusar Z'man
be'Ba'alim and Asham Nazir and Asham Metzora in the Din of Shechutei Chutz,
but failed to pinpoint it.
Which Pasuk did Ravina point to?
(b) How do we ...
(c) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak rejects this answer however, based on Rav
Dimi's Kashya on bar Livai's Beraisa from a Beraisa cited by Levi.
- ... prove Rebbi Chilkiyah bar Tuvi right from there
- ... try to refute the proof?
does the Tana of Levi's Beraisa say about an Asham Nazir and an Asham
Metzora which were Shechted ...
- ... she'Lo li'Sheman?
- ... Mechusar Z'man be'Ba'alim or in their second year?
(a) How did Rav Dimi establish the Beraisos to resolve the discrepancy? What
does this prove?
Answers to questions
(b) Rav Ashi gave the same answer to resolve the discrepancy between the
first Beraisa (which we established earlier bi'Zemano like Rebbi Eliezer)
and our Mishnah. To which statement in our Mishnah is he referring?
(c) Now that we have established bar Livai's Beraisa (rendering Chayav,
Asham Nazir and Metzora ba'Chutz Chayav, by she'Lo bi'Zemano), how does Rav
Huna establish the case, to reconcile it with own opinion?
(d) And he bases this on a ruling of Rav that he himself quoted.
Rav say about an Asham that has been disqualified from being sacrificed, and
that he sent into the field to become blemished, but Shechted before it had
a chance to do so?
(a) What does the Beraisa extrapolate from ...
(b) Rav Chanah bar Rav Ketina quoting Rav Asi, cited the Pasuk "Va'yishlach
es Na'arei B'nei Yisrael Va'ya'alu Olos" in front of Rav Chisda.
- ... the word "Olah" (in connection with Shechutei Chutz) with regard to the following items 'B'sar Chatas, Asham and Kodshei Kodshim and Kalim, Moser ha'Omer, Sh'tei ha'Lechem and Lechem ha'Panim, and Sheyarei Menachos'?
- ... the Pasuk "Asher Ya'aleh Olah O Zavach", with regard to 'ha'Yotzek, ha'Bolel, ha'Poses, ha'Mole'ach, ha'Meinif, ha'Magish, ha'Mesader ha'Shulchan, ha'Meitiv es ha'Neiros and ha'Kometz ve'Hamekabel ba'Chutz'?
the "Na'arei B'nei Yisrael"?
(c) What did he mean when he commented on the Pasuk, 'u'Paskeih'?
(d) What did Rav Chisda have in mind to ask him from our Mishnah?
(a) What else did Rav Chisda hear from Rav Chanah in the name of Rav Ada bar
Ahavah, in connection with the Olah that Yisrael brought at Har Sinai,
vis-a-vis Hefshet and Nitu'ach?
(b) Why did he then change his mind about asking the previous Kashya from
(c) Besides informing us that before the Mishkan was built, Bamos were
permitted, what does the Tana say about ...
(d) What does the Beraisa say about Nochrim nowadays?
- ... the type of animals that could be brought? What was the solem restriction?
- ... the category of Korban? Which was the only category that could be sacrificed?
(a) What does the Tana say in respect of ...
(b) What did Rav Chanah reply?
- ... who performed the Avodah?
- ... Hefshet ve'Nitu'ach? How does this clash with Rav Chana's previous rulings?
(c) If Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah in a Beraisa, interprets "ha'Kohanim" in
the Pasuk "ve'Gam ha'Kohanim ha'Nigashim el Hashem Yiskadashu", as Bechoros,
what does Rebbi say?
(d) Why will Rebbi's explanation tie up nicely with the Pasuk in Shemini "Hu
Asher Diber Hashem bi'Kerovai Ekadesh"?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Korchah, "Hu Asher Diber Hashem ... "
refers to the Pasuk in Tetzaveh "Ve'no'adti Shamah li'Venei Yisrael
Ve'nikdash bi'Chevodi". What does that mean? How does he read
(b) How did Moshe understand this Pasuk when it was said to him?
(c) Based on what we just said, what did Moshe tell Aharon after his two
(a) What was Aharon's reaction to Moshe's comforting words?
(b) David Hamelech too, advocated silence in face of the Midas ha'Din, when
he wrote in Tehilim "Dom Hashem Ve'hischolel Lo".
What did he mean by
(c) What did Shlomoh say (in Koheles) about this?
(d) What reward did Aharon receive for his silence?
(a) How did Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan read the Pasuk in
Tehilim "Nora Elokim mi'Mikdashecha"? What does it then mean?
Answers to questions
(b) And how does Rav Chanah bar Rav Ketina answer the Kashya from Hefshet
(c) Rebbi Yishmael in a Beraisa, says 'K'lalos Ne'emru be'Sinai u'P'ratos
Ne'emru be'Ohel Mo'ed'. Assuming that the former statement refers to the
Pasuk in Yisro "Mizbach Adamah Ta'aseh Li Ve'zavachta Alav ... ", what is
Rebbi Yishmael now saying?
(d) And what does Rebbi Akiva hold?