(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)


prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

Previous daf

Zevachim 118


(a) We already cited the Kashya that the Chachamim of Rebbi Yehudah ('Kol she'ha'Tzibur Makrivin be'Ohel Mo'ed ... , ve'Ka'an ve'Ka'an Lo Karvu le'Yachid Ela ... ') appear to duplicate the Tana Kama.
What does Rav Papa answer? What did they bring in the desert according to Rebbi Yehudah that they did not bring according to the Tana Kama?

(b) How do we extrapolate from the Chachamim's words 'Kol she'ha'Tzibur Makrivin be'Ohel Mo'ed she'ba'Midbar Makrivin ba'Gilgal', that they are the ones who are coming to add Nesachim and not the Tana Kama?

(a) The Pasuk in Yehoshua writes "Va'ya'asu B'nei Yisrael es ha'Pesach ba'Gilgal".
What does Rebbi Shimon extrapolate from this Pasuk (which otherwise appears redundant)?

(b) The Chachamim (who permit on a Bamah Gedolah even Chovos that are not time-related) learn from the Pasuk in Yehoshua, the Din of Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Ban'ah.
What does Rebbi Yochanan say about an Areil?

(c) Seeing as they crossed the Yarden on the tenth of Nisan, why must they have been Areilim when they were sprinkled with the Mei Parah (which was vital for them to be able to eat the Korban Pesach)?

(d) Why did they not then perform the B'ris Milah on the tenth, immediately after crossing the Yarden?

(e) What makes us think that most of them were Tamei anyway?

(a) A Beraisa expert quoted a Beraisa in front of Rav Ada bar Ahavah stating that there are only two differences between a Bamah Ketanah and a Bamah Gedolah.
What are they?

(b) Why did Rav Ada bar Ahavah tell him to restrict the latter to Olos Chovah (but not to Chata'os)?

(c) What sort of ...

  1. ... Olos will the Tana then be referring to?
  2. ... Chata'os might we have thought that he is referring to?
(d) Why must the Beraisa be speaking in a case which has an equivalent on a Bamah Ketanah?
(a) We ask why Rav Ada bar Ahavah did not establish the Beraisa by a Minchas Chavitin.
Which Minchah would that be?

(b) What do we answer?

(c) Why does Rav Ada bar Ahavah not establish the Beraisa by Zivchei Shalmei Tzibur?

(a) The Pasuk in Shmuel writes "Va'tevi'ehu Beis Hashem Shiloh", whereas the Pasuk in Tehilim writes "Va'yitosh Mishkan Shiloh".
What is the problem with that?

(b) How does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan reconcile them?

(a) What does Rebbi Oshaya learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (in connection with Shiloh) ...
  1. ... "Hishamer Lecha Pen Ta'aleh Olosecha be'Chol Makom Asher Tir'eh ..."?
  2. ... "ve'Sham Ta'aseh"? How would we have otherwise explained the previous Pasuk?
(b) How does ...
  1. ... Rebbi Avdimi bar Chama derive this from the Pasuk in Yehoshua "Mizrachah Ta'anas Shiloh"?
  2. ... Rebbi Avahu learn it from the Pasuk in Vayechi "ben Poras Yosef, ben Poras Alei Ayin"?
  3. ... Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina learn it from the Pasuk in ve'Zos-ha'Berachah "u'Retzon Shochni S'neh"?
Answers to questions



(a) How does the Beraisa qualify the Din of eating Kodshim Kalim within eyesight of Shiloh?

(b) What does this have to do with Rebbi Elazar showing Rebbi Shimon ben Elyakim the Shul of Ma'on?

(c) What leniency did Rav Papa, on the other hand, present in connection with this Halachah?

(d) Rav Papa asked what the Din will be regarding a location from where one can see Shiloh standing, but not sitting.
What She'eilah did Rebbi Yirmiyah ask?

(e) What is the outcome of these She'eilos?

(a) When Rav Dimi came from Eretz Yisrael, what did say about the locations where the Shechinah rested in Yisrael?

(b) What did he add, based on the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah (in connection with the B'rachah of Binyamin) "Chofef Alav Kol ha'Yom" ('He hovers over it all day')?

(c) On what basis did Rav Yosef object, when Abaye repeated Rav Dimi's statement to him?

(d) To whom was he referring when he lamented that Kaylil had only one son who couldn't get it right?

(a) Why was Rav Ada bar Masna surprised at Rav Yosef's objection? How did he reconcile the Pesukim?

(b) What precedent did he have for that?

(c) He answered the Kashya, that Shiloh was not on the border between Yosef and Binyamin, by citing Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina.
What did he say about the portion of Yehudah upon which most of the Mizbe'ach (in the Beis-Hamikdash) was built?

(d) How does this connect with the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "Ta'anas Shiloh?

(a) Rav Dimi's statement is in fact, subject to a Machlokes Tana'im.
If the Tana Kama of the Beraisa interprets the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'B'rachah "Chofef Alav" - 'Zeh 'Mikdash Rishon', "Kol ha'Yom", 'Zeh Mikdash Sheini', "u'Bein Keseifav Shachein", 'Eilu Yemos ha'Mashi'ach', how does Rebbi interpret it?

(b) Another Beraisa discusses the length of the various eras currently under discussion.
If the era of the Mishkan in the desert lasted thirty-nine years, and the Bamah in Gilgal, fourteen (as we have already explained), how long did the combined eras of Nov and Giv'on last?

(a) How do we learn the fourteen years of Gilgal (which is synonymous with the fourteen years that Yisrael captured and distributed the land) from the fact that Kalev was forty at the time of the Meraglim, and eighty-five at the beginning of the distribution period, when he came to claim Chevron (as he had been promised)?

(b) From where do we initially learn the seven years of distribution?

(c) Alternatively, we learn it from the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which gives fourteen years between the Churban Beis-Hamikdash and the Yovel year.
How do we extrapolate that the Pasuk is referring to the Yovel year from the fact that it speaks about Rosh Hashanah and then refers to the same day as the tenth of the month?

(a) How many years ...
  1. ... after arriving in Eretz Yisrael was the Beis-Hamikdash built?
  2. ... after it was built was it destroyed?
(b) Based on the facts that we just discussed, how does this prove the distribution of Eretz Yisrael took fourteen years?

(c) Whose death heralded the downfall of ...

  1. ... Shiloh (and the era of Nov)?
  2. ... Nov (and the era of Giv'on)?
(d) The Aron stood for twenty years in Kiryas Ye'arim.
On what occasion was it taken there?
(a) If the first eleven of the ensuing twenty years comprised the ten years that Shmuel ruled alone, and the year that he shared with Shaul, how do we account for the remaining nine?

(b) And how do we then account for the remaining thirty-seven years of 'Giv'on'?

(c) Having accounted for the fourteen years of Gilgal and the fifty seven years of Nov and Giv'on, how many years does that leave (of the four hundred and forty years until the Beis Hamikdash was built) for the era of Shiloh?

Answers to questions

Next daf


For further information on
subscriptions, archives and sponsorships,
contact Kollel Iyun Hadaf,